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Romania - Emergency planning

Vademecum - Civil Protection

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Civil protection tasks and objectives

Civil protection is a component of the National Security System and represents an integrated range of specific activities and organisational, technical, operational measures and tasks having a humanitarian and public character. Civil protection is planned, organised and performed according to the Civil Protection Act with a view to preventing and reducing disaster risks, protecting the population and the environment against the effects of emergencies and armed conflicts and securing life-saving conditions during emergencies.

Civil protection is a permanent activity of national interest, relying on the accomplishment of the obligations vested in central and local public administrative authorities and with appointed Romanian persons and legal persons.

Planning philosophy: The GIES examines and submits the National Plan for Emergency Situation Management for adoption by the Government. The national plan outlines the necessary human, material and financial resources. The GIES also agrees on intervention or technical assistance related to international plans for emergency management and submits them for adoption by the National Committee for Emergency Situations.

Guidelines for civil protection planning: The contingency and preparedness planning methods in civil protection are:

  • Risk-based planning
  • Holistic preparedness planning
  • National contingency planning (central/national).

Civil-military cooperation

Being among the ministries and public institutions, which are charged with a series of complex support functions, the Ministry of National Defence has a major role in the consequence management process, depending on the emergency situation.

The Ministry of National Defence has a permanent Centre for Emergency Situations, which liaises directly with the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations. Since these structures (as well as the Romanian Gendarmerie and other institutions, which are also commonly involved in the process) follow a military hierarchy, the basic challenges in terms of cooperation are easily overcome.

Decisions on the actions to be undertaken in case of a disaster are made in the National Committee for Emergency Situations, which is composed of high-level representatives of the competent ministries or public institutions. The clear division of tasks and the coordination of the Action Commander (G.D. no. 21 / 15.04.2004) facilitate interaction between the different actors in the field tasks. The designated points of contact at every ministry/public institution level facilitate the cooperation and exchange of information at expert level.

Within this framework, the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations is responsible for integrating all actions undertaken to mitigate the consequences of a disaster. In addition, it implements a wide range of measures to prevent emergency situations.

International assistance

The Romanian contribution to the international humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations is provided through the Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC), operated by the European Commission in the framework of Community mechanism to facilitate reinforced cooperation in civil protection assistance interventions and the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC/NATO).

The GIES coordinates and is directly responsible for all international assistance offered/received on a bilateral or regional basis or through the MIC, EADRCC and UN-OCHA.

International assistance is offered/requested on a case-by-case basis, based on a decision by the National Committee for Emergency Situations at the request of the GIES.