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Romania - Disaster management structure

Vademecum - Civil Protection



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Overview

Romania is divided into 41 counties and 1 municipality (Bucharest): Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Bucuresti, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dimbovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Ilfov, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Vilcea and Vrancea.

Each county is further subdivided into cities and communes, the former being urban, and the latter being rural localities. There are 319 cities and 2686 communes in Romania. Each city and commune has its own mayor and local council.

Each county is administered by a county council, responsible for local affairs, as well as a politically independent prefect appointed by the central government. The latter is responsible for the administration of national (central) affairs at county level. Since 2008, the president of the county council has been directly elected by the people, and not by the county council.

The civil protection structure is organised at national, county and municipal levels.

At national level, the inter-ministerial body, the National Committee for Emergency Situations (NCES) has complex responsibilities in terms of emergency management. The NCES is composed of decision-making representatives, experts and specialists designated by the ministries. The National Committee is established and acts under the direct guidance of the Minister of Administration and the Interior under the coordination of the Prime Minister.

The National Committee for Emergency Situations is composed of:

  • The President: the Minister of Administration and the Interior
  • The Vice President: one of the Secretaries of State within the Ministry of Administration and the Interior
  • The members: one Secretary of State from each of the ministries involved or deputies representing heads of central public institutions
  • Consultants: one or two experts/specialists from each ministry and the central public institution.

At national level, the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations (GIES) is the national civil protection authority responsible for coordinating the implementation of emergency management actions and measures on national territory. The GIES is part of the National Emergency Management System and a component of the National Defence System. The GIES is an integrated body within the Ministry of Administration and the Interior managed by a General Inspector. The GIES was established on 15 December 2004 following a merger of the Civil Protection Command and the General Inspectorate of Military Fire Corps. The GIES is responsible for coordinating all organisations involved in the management of emergencies according to international regulations.

All competent institutions in the field of defence, public order and national safety are required to transmit to the GIES or, if necessary, to the Minister of Administration and the Interior or the Prime Minister information on potential emergencies, their expected evolution and consequences. The GIES communicates the decisions made by the Government or by the National Committee (through its Technical Secretariat) to the authorities of central public administration in order to secure coordinated management of emergencies.

At county level, the Professional Public Communitarian Services for Emergency Situations represent the deconcentrated services and work as the Inspectorates for Emergency Situations in the 41 countries/Bucharest. The Professional Communitarian Services for Emergency Situations are subordinate to the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations (GIES) and provide - in their areas of competence - guidance and control of prevention and management of emergencies.

The Operative Centres for Emergency Situations are organised at ministerial level. The other central public institutions with responsibilities in the unitary management of emergencies are organised at municipal level (except Bucharest Municipality), city and commune levels. These centres can have a permanent character (for those ministries/institutions with complex functions within the National Emergency Management System) or a temporary character (they become active only when requested, following the decision by the National Committee for Emergency Situations).

To handle inter-ministerial and cross-cutting coordination, the Committees for Emergency Situations are structured at all levels from local to national. The National Committee is chaired by the Minister of Administration and the Interior and coordinated by the Prime Minister, the Ministerial/Central Public Institutions' Committees are chaired by the respective ministries/head of institution, the Bucharest Committee is chaired by the Prefect of Bucharest, county committees are chaired by the county prefect and local committees are chaired by the mayor and endorsed by the prefect.

Inter-agency coordination during emergencies is managed by a person (action commander) nominated by the National, Ministerial or County Committees or the Bucharest Committee for Emergency Situations, depending on the nature or the extent of the event or on the number of forces involved. He/she may receive support in executing the tasks from the operative groups and the advanced operative point according to the legislation in force.

Organisational chart

Lines of command

disaster management structure Romania

 

Lines of communication / information

disaster management structure Romania

 

Lines of coordination

disaster management structure Romania

Legal basis

At national level

  • The Civil Protection Act (481/2004). This Act stipulates measures to be taken to protect the population, equipment, cultural values and the environment in the event of war or disaster. The Act provides for emergency planning in the event of crisis or war
  • The National Emergency Management System - Government Decision (G.D.) no. 21 / 15.04.2004. This Decision determines the composition and functioning of the National Emergency Management System, the ministries and the central public administration institutions, delegates responsibilities during emergencies and stipulates the main tasks of the parties
  • G.D. no. 2288 /2004 on the support tasks of ministries, other central institutions and non-governmental organisations for the prevention and management of emergencies
  • G.D. 1489 / 09.09.2004 on the organisation and functioning of the National Committee for Emergency Situations
  • G.D. 1490 / 09.09.2004 on regulations of organisation and functioning of the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations
  • G.D. 1491 / 28.09.2004 on regulations on organisation, functioning, tasks and endowment of Operative Committees and Centres for Emergency Situations
  • G.D. 1492 / 28.09.2004 on organisational principles, functioning and tasks of the Professional Emergency Services
  • Ordinance 88 / 2001 on the establishment, organisation and function of Public Communitarian Services for Emergency Situations (County Inspectorates for Emergency Situations) with its further modifications
  • Act 307 / 2006 on fire protection.

The aforementioned basic legal framework is supplemented by a series of specific regulations/orders/procedures on prevention (applicable to individual persons and private companies) on fire risk reduction, construction regulations, homologation of fire-related products, methodologies of approval and control of private companies in terms of fire safety etc.

At ministerial level

Government decisions and ordinances regulating different aspects of emergency management, e.g. evacuation procedures, information collection and decision-making, training activities, voluntary services, community services, emergency stocks etc.

Inter-ministerial cross-cutting coordination

As presented above.

At regional level

Administratively, Romania has no regions. The country is divided into counties.

At local level

Civil protection arrangements at local level are covered by the general and specific national legal framework.

Private sector

The Civil Protection Act (481/2004) stipulates measures to be taken, both by public and private entities, to protect the population, equipment, cultural values and the environment in the event of war or disaster. The law provides for emergency planning in the event of crisis or war.

Volunteers

  • Order of MoAI no 718 of 30.06.2005 for approving the capabilities and organisational structure of emergency volunteer services
  • Government Decision (G.D.) no 1579 of 08.12.2005 for approval of the Statute of voluntary personnel from emergency volunteer services
  • Volunteer Act no 195/20.04.2001
  • G.D. no. 160/14.02.2007 regarding the conditions and details for using the uniform protection equipment and distinctive signs for emergency volunteer services personnel
  • Order of MoAI no. 160/23.02.2007 on the rules for planning, organising and performing the emergency situations prevention activities within the emergency volunteer services.

NGOs

  • G.D. no. 2288/2004 on the support tasks of ministries, other central institutions and non- governmental organisations for the prevention and management of emergency situations.

At international level

International activities are governed by political/operational agreements in the field of emergency management.

Bilateral agreements

The GIES develops and enhances bilateral cooperation on emergency management with the states with whom Romania has signed specific agreements (Bulgaria, France, Hungary, Moldavia and Turkey). In addition, the GIES also takes steps to sign agreements with other states.

Regional agreements

The GIES participates actively in the initiatives, projects and actions developed under the regional bodies, which Romania is a part of, such as:

Human and material resources

No information available

Stakeholders

Volunteers

The Association of Voluntary Rescuers in Emergency Situations (ASVSU).

NGOs

Romanian Red Cross and the National Centre Apell for the Disaster Management - CN APELL RO.