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Denmark - Country information

Vademecum - Civil Protection





Geographic coordinates: 55 40 N, 12 35 E

Time difference: GMT +1

Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October.

(Note: Applies to continental Denmark only, not to the North Atlantic components).


Temperate, humid and overcast: mild windy winters and cool summers.

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Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); including the two major islands of Zealand (Sjaelland) and Funen (Fyn).



  • Total: 43,094 km²
  • Land: 42,394 km²
  • Water: 700 km²
  • Note: Includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the peninsula of Jutland and the major islands of Zealand (Sjaelland) and Funen (Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland.

Land boundaries

Total: 68 km

Border countries: Germany 68 km

Land use

  • Arable land: 52.59%
  • Permanent crops: 0.19%
  • Other: 47.22% (2005)

Land characteristics

The bulk of Denmark is the peninsula of Jutland, which juts up from the European continent and has a border with Germany of just under 68 km. The rest of the country consists of 406 islands, 78 of which are habited. This gives Denmark a total coast line of 7,314 km, corresponding to a sixth of the globe’s circumference.

Number of inhabited islands

Denmark consists of the peninsula of Jutland (Jylland) and some 400 named islands. Of these, 82 are inhabited, the largest being Zealand (Sjaelland) and Funen (Fyn).


7,314 km

Major rivers


Natural hazards

Flooding is a seasonal risk in some areas of the country (e.g. parts of Jutland and along the southern coast of the island of Lolland), which are protected from the sea by a system of dikes.


Fires, storms, snow storms, oil spills, man-made and technical disasters.


Major tourist areas

The Capital region of Denmark, Jutland's west coast and the island of Bornholm.

Number of tourists per season

23,520,484 overnight stays in 2008.

Administrative data

International organisation participation

EAPC, NATO, UN, EU, OSCE, Council of Europe.