The Syria conflict has triggered the world's largest humanitarian crisis since World War II. With approximately 3 million registered Syrian refugees, the number of refugees in Turkey has reached over 3.4 million. Most of these refugees, who lost everything they had in the war, live outside of camps under very challenging circumstances with very few means to cover the basic cost of living.
In order to support the Government of Turkey, local authorities and host communities, the European Union mobilised an initial grant of €348 million for its flagship humanitarian programme, the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN). The programme is implemented by World Food Programme (WFP), the Turkish Red Crescent (TRC) and Turkish authorities. So far with the ESSN, over 850 000 refugees have been assisted with a debit card which is loaded every month with 120 Turkish Lira (roughly €30) per household member to meet their most pressing basic needs.
The ESSN is innovative and revolutionary in terms of delivering humanitarian aid because it brings together humanitarian expertise and the reach of government services in order to meet people's needs in a cost-effective and quick manner.
Video by EU