Cuba has been fighting the worst drought in a century. Caused by the weather phenomenon of El Nino, the drought has depleted the island’s reservoirs, destroyed thousands of crops and affected more than one million people across the country. Its negative impact on food security has been particularly felt on Guantanamo province, in the so-called “Cuban dry corridor”.
The World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), funded by EU Humanitarian Aid, support 90 000 people in the 20 most exposed municipalities to the drought in the eastern provinces of Cuba (Granma, Guantanamo, Holguin, Las Tunas and Santiago de Cuba). The project helps these areas to identify vulnerabilities in food and nutrition security related to the drought and to reduce risks.
A tool was jointly designed between Cuban experts in meteorology and water management, local governments and farmers, which allows them to know exactly where their weaknesses are. It also helps them with making timely decisions before, during and after the drought.
Story by Marianela Gonzalez (WFP) and Ruth Silva, Information and Communications Assistant, EU Humanitarian Aid.