What are the needs?
Nepal faces numerous natural every year. Every year, around 1 000 people are killed by landslides and floods during the monsoon season. There are also potential threats of earthquakes, glacial lake outbursts, avalanches as well as cold and heat waves.
An estimated 30 000 refugees from Bhutan live in camps in Nepal. The refugees are not allowed to work and are almost entirely dependent on international humanitarian assistance. Over 107 000 Bhutanese arrived in Nepal in the 1990's, many of whom have since been resettled in third countries.
The political uncertainty following the 10-year Maoist insurgency that ended in 2006 continues. A new Constituent Assembly elected in the November 2013 elections has resumed the task of finalising the country’s constitution.
How are we helping?
A significant part of the European Commission's humanitarian assistance to Nepal goes towards helping communities resist, withstand and cope against natural disasters like floods and landslides through the creation of community based rescue mechanisms, disaster-resilient infrastructure, early warning systems and flood management. The funding is also helping enhance the capacity of the medical community to cope with mass casualty situations that could be provoked by an earthquake through retro-fitting of hospitals in Kathmandu and stockpiling of fuels and surgical kits. Since 2001, the Commission has provided almost €15 million for disaster-preparedness efforts in Nepal, including €3.28 million allocated for 2013-2014.
The European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) has been supporting the Bhutanese refugees for over 10 years by providing food rations to all refugees including children, pregnant women and chronically-ill persons.
During the 10-year civil war that ended in 2006, ECHO funded the provision of healthcare, water, sanitation and hygiene facilities for conflict-affected people living in rural areas.