Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection

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Emergency shelter

Why is this important?

Floods, earthquakes, cyclones or conflicts can destroy thousands of homes in an instant, leaving people powerless on the street.

Yet, shelter is a basic human need and a critical determinant for survival in most disasters. Beyond survival, shelter is necessary to provide security, personal safety and protection from the climate and to promote resistance to ill health and disease. It is also important for human dignity, to sustain family and community life and to enable affected populations to recover from the impact of disaster. Shelter also plays an essential role in reducing vulnerability and building communities’ resilience.

Assistance provides building materials and tools for temporary shelters so that people have a roof over their heads until permanent homes are ready. However, experience shows that basic and fragile transitional shelter often remains the only home for the world's poorest for many years. These structures frequently serve as a foundation for future housing, which are expanded and reinforced. It is therefore crucial that proper materials are provided and correct building methods used from the outset.

How are we helping?

Shelter is one of the main humanitarian sectors funded by the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO). In the period 2011-2013, around 12% of the overall humanitarian budget was allocated to shelter operations around the world. 

In disaster-prone areas around the world, ECHO is increasingly funding temporary housing designed to withstand at least small-scale natural disasters offering a good base for recovery, and giving shelter when homes are lost.

In addition, ECHO has been funding a multi-agency initiative from the Shelter Cluster which aims to strengthen the cooperation aid efforts and deliver quicker, more suitable response while improving the aid delivery and targeting in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. The Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) together with the Shelter Cluster develops tools and interactive maps to improve and allow faster assessments of the disaster repercussions.  

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