Slovakia - Prevention & preparedness
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People who are trained are employees who fulfil the tasks of civil protection and crisis management in the state administration, self-government and legal entities as well as individuals, entrepreneurs, directors and teachers of elementary schools and high schools.
The centres of education and training are located in Slovenska Lupca, Nitra, Limbach and Spišská Nova Ves, which are an organisational part of the Section on Crisis Management and Civil Protection.
National exercises programmes are included into the annual action plans of the Section on Crisis Management and Civil Protection. Yearly staff exercises are held at regional and district levels, examples include Košice 2005, Stropkov 2006, Airport 2008 and Fercekovce 2008.
Tabletop and field exercises entails OPCW - basic and advanced courses of protection against chemical weapons, workshops and courses in laboratory skills with real chemical weapons. Furthermore, exercises also comprise nuclear detection and reconnaissance exercises in the Czech Republic and in the Slovak Republic in accordance with the bilateral agreement between the General Directory of Fire and Rescue Corps, the MoI of the Czech Republic and the Section on Crisis Management, the MoI of the Slovak Republic. Specific examples on tabletop and field exercises include Dacia 2003, Arheim 2003, EU Tacom 2006, Idassa 2007, Jaro 2007, Huromex, Hunex and Mimoň 2008.
The exercise facilities consist of VTU KMCO (Educational and Technical Institute of Section on Crisis Management and Civil Protection) and CIMIC-MO SR (Ministry of Defence) - VVP Lest and ZLP Z, Kostolany.
International exercises are also being held. For instance, the following can be mentioned: Comprotex 1999 (NATO-SR, HU, AUT), Dacia 2003 (Romania), Arheim 2003 (Germany), EU DREX 2004 (Austria), EU POLEX 2005 (Poland), EU TACOM-SEE 2006 (Bulgaria), NATO-CIMIC-Idassa 2007 (Croatia), Huromex – 2008 (Hungary – Romania) and Hunex – 2009 ( Hungary.)
Early warning systems
Early warning systems towards professionals: The warning system ECURIE (European Community Urgent Radiological Information Exchange) is provided by the UJD SR and the operation centre of section CM CP MoI of the Slovak Republic.
The warning system RAS BICHAT (Rapid Alert System for Biological and Chemical Attacks) and the EWRS system (Early Warning Rapid Response System) are provided by the Public Health Office of the Slovak Republic. If more important information is needed, the operation centre of section CM CO, the MoI of the Slovak Republic is consulted.
Early warning systems towards the population: Warning of the population is ensured by a public system consisting of 9 warning centres (1 national, 8 regional). This system is supplemented by autonomic warning systems operated by legal entities located near dangerous establishments (barrages, chemical factories, ice stadium etc).
In case of an accident, information is provided trough the electronic medium by the spokesman of a public agency or reporters.
Communication and coordination of the rescue teams is ensured by the coordination centres.