Slovakia - Disaster management structure
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The structure of the Slovak Republic comprises 50 district offices, the state administration and 8 self-government regions. The heads of the district offices are appointed by the national government while the heads of the self-government regions are elected. This coincides with the civil protection structure.
The responsibility for civil protection tasks lies with:
- the government
- the ministries, other central public administration bodies and public authorities
- the district offices and municipalities
- legal entities and individuals.
The Ministry of the Interior (MoI) is the central authority of the Slovak civil protection. The MoI's Section on Crisis Management and Civil Protection is responsible for the administration of civil protection in cooperation with public authorities and municipalities. The Section on Crisis Management and Civil Protection also cooperates with public and legal institutions and civil/humanitarian associations.
The MoI participates in rescue operations and evacuation in situations that are stipulated in the Act on Civil Protection. The aim of civil protection is to protect - within the scope of this Act - lives, health and property and to create conditions for survival during emergency incidents and in emergency situations.
Civil protection tasks include active involvement in rescue, containment and elimination activities in disasters and emergency situations. The Civil Protection Union is a voluntary and politically independent civil protection organisation that carries out universal civil protection measures in the spirit of the Geneva Agreements.
The 50 district offices are primarily responsible during civil emergencies. The Departments of Civil Protection and Crisis Management at the district offices plan, manage and provide the activities relative to the protection of the civil population in the case of emergencies. They can make use of employees at plants, factories and public legal institutions within their territory. When carrying out civil protection tasks, the MoI cooperates with state bodies, municipalities, legal entities and individuals as well as public-legal institutions with a humanitarian mission that are deployed in rescue operations in case of emergency (for example the Association of Rescue Services, the Mountain Rescue Service, the Slovak Red Cross etc).
The scope of competence of the MoI:
- Works out the conception of the civil protection organisation and development
- Manages the activities of the public administration in the field of civil protection
- Makes an analysis within the boundaries of the state of possible emergency incidents
- Sets up and operates the civil protection information system
- Defines the basic technical and operating conditions of the civil protection information system and approves the construction of the proposed projects
- Specifies structural and technological requirements for civil protection facilities so as to meet civil protection needs
- Ensures and carries out preventive and educational, scientific research, development, publishing and training activities for civil protection employees
- Coordinates civil protection preparation
- Ensures the development of international cooperation in the field of civil protection and represents the Slovak Republic in the international civil protection organisations
- Defines the way of management of the civil protection material where the management of the civil protection material denotes besides the rights and obligations according to a separate legislation also its acquisition, registration, storage, usage, treatment, testing, repair and control
- Agrees on the composition, scope and specification of district office expenses on civil protection out of the state budget for the corresponding year.
In the context of providing and receiving international humanitarian assistance, the MoI performs the following tasks:
- Coordinates the planning, preparation and realisation of humanitarian assistance
- For this purpose, communicates with the Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC) at the Commission and with the EADRCC at NATO.
At local level, the most important tasks of the municipalities in this field are to:
- Develop analyses of possible emergencies
- Plan the protection of the population
- Organise and control civil protection training
- Control rescue operations
- Plan, control and declare evacuation.
The civil protection authorities provide the overall methodical guidance and approve the allocated budget. The structures remain the same for all disasters, but the crisis staff varies according to the type of disaster.
At national level
- The Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No 42/1994 Coll. on Civil Protection of the Population, as worded in later amendments
- The Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No 129/2002 Coll. on Integrated Rescue Systems
- The Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No 387/2002 Coll. on Crisis Management of the State in War and Warfare
- The Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No 261/2002 Coll. on the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents and on the amendments of some acts
- The Constitutional Act No 227/2002 Coll. on the Security of the State in Times of War, Warfare and State of Emergency
- Act No 414/2002 Coll. on Economic Mobilisation
- Act No 82/0994 Coll. on State Material Reserves, as worded in later amendments
- Act No 541/2004 Coll. on Peacetime Use of Nuclear Energy
- Act No 666/2004 Coll. on Protection against Floods, as worded in later amendments
- Act No 50/1976 Coll. on Land Use Planning and Building Order, as worded in later amendments.
At ministerial level
Orders of Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic:
- Order No 75/1995 Coll. on the Provision of Evacuation, as worded in later instructions
- Order No 533/12006 Coll. on the Protection of the Population against the Effects of Dangerous Substances, as worded in later instructions
- Order No 303/1996 Coll. on the Provision of Civil Protection Training, as worded in later instructions
- Order No 314/1998 Coll. on Details in the Provision of the Economy of Civil Protection Material, as worded in later instructions
- Order No 388/2006 Coll. on the Provision of the Technical and Operational Conditions of the Civil Protection Information System, as worded in later instructions
- Order No 599/2006 Coll. on Expenses out of the State Budget for Civil Protection of the Population, as worded in later instructions
- Order No 532/2006 Coll. on Technical Construction Requirements and Technical Conditions for the Civil Protection Facilities, as worded in later instructions
- Order No 523/2006 Coll. on the Provision of Rescue Operations and Organisation of Civil Protection Units, as worded in later instructions.
- Regulation of the Government of the Slovak Republic No 130/1994 Coll. on Single Extraordinary Compensation for Injury or Death in Respect of the Protection of the Population, as worded in later instructions
- Regulation of the Government of the Slovak Republic No 166/1994 Coll. on Categorisation of the Slovak Republic's Territory, as worded in later instructions.
Directions of the MoI and methodological instructions of the Section on Crisis Management and Civil Protection of the Moil to the district offices stipulating the conditions of specific tasks in the civil protection field.At local level
The Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No 42/1994 Coll. on Civil Protection of the Population, as worded in later amendments including the tasks at local level.Private sector
The Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No 42/1994 Coll. on Civil Protection of the Population, as worded in later amendments including the tasks in the private sector.Volunteers
Respective agreements between the MoI of the Slovak Republic and volunteers.NGOs
Agreement on mutual cooperation between the MoI and Slovak Red Cross, the Samaritan Association of the Slovak Republic.At international level
International intervention is governed by political agreements (EU, UN, NATO, CEI, Visegrad Group).
- Russian Federation (entered into force in1995)
- Republic of Hungary (entered into force in 1997)
- Republic of Austria (entered into force in 1998)
- Republic of Poland (entered in force in 2002)
- Republic of Slovenia (entered into force in 2000)
- Ukraine (entered into force in 2000)
- Republic of Croatia (entered into force in 2003).
- Agreement between District Office Bratislava and Vienna Municipality
- Agreement between District Office Bratislava and Gyor-Moson-Sopron Counties
- Agreement between District Office Banská Bystrica and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County and Nográd County
- Agreement between District Office Košice and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
- Agreement between District Office Košice and Carpathian District State Administration Užhorod (Ukraine) - to be signed
- Agreement between District Office Nitra and Komarom-Ostrihom County and Pešť County
- Agreement between District Office Prešov and Law-Poland County.
- AIR – TRANSPORT EUROPE, Ltd., Poprad
- DZS OPTIMUS, Ltd., Nitra
- EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE – EMS, Ltd., Poprad
- Falck Zachranna, Inc, Kosice
- INTERNATIONAL RESCUE SYSTEM, Ltd., Bratislava
- Hospital with policlinic – VASE ZDRAVIE, n.p.a., Zvolen
- Policlinic – Velke Kapusany, n.p.a.
- RC&T – rescue and traffic ambulance services Detva, Ltd., Detva
- REGIONAL HELI SERVICE, Ltd., Zilina
- RESCUE, Ltd., Velky Krtis
- RESCUE SYSTEM, Ltd., Zilina
- RZP, Inc, Trencin
- Svet zdravia, Inc, Bratislava
- URGENT, Ltd., Levice
- WESPA, Ltd., Zeliezovce
- ZAMED Ltd., Komarno
- Zdravotna doprava. Ltd. Trencin
- ZZS Kysuce Ltd., Cadca
- T.O.R. rescue ( rescuers, divers, cragsmen)
- Cynology emergency brigades
- SPELEO (cave club)
- Volunteer fire fighters
- Association of Samaritans of Slovak Republic
The Association of Rescue Services of the Slovak Republic is a special interest association for all rescue services and systems. It operates all over the country and cooperates with similar organisations in other countries. Its major tasks are to coordinate voluntary and individual rescue services and systems, cooperate with public authorities and secure the conditions necessary for Slovak rescue workers to fulfil their mission.
- Slovak Red Cross
- Mountain service of Pieniny National Park
- Mountain service of Slovak Republic
- Tatras mountain service