Post-electoral violence in Côte d’Ivoire in late 2010 had severe humanitarian consequences for a significant portion of the Ivorian population. Between December 2010 and May 2011 an estimated 3,000 people were killed, and up to 1.5 million people in Abidjan and the western regions were forced to flee their homes. While 600,000 people have to date returned, 80,000 Ivorians continue to live as refugees in Liberia, Ghana and Togo. Some western parts of the country continue to be volatile as a result of poverty, ethnic tensions and land disputes as well as evictions of communities occupying protected forests and parks. This context hampers the return of the remaining refugees, the majority of whom live in camps or host communities across the border in Liberia. While the security situation has greatly improved in most regions, there remain serious gaps in the provision of essential services.
The European Commission has provided €99 million in humanitarian aid since the 2011 post-election crisis. A new approach was taken by the EU in 2011 after the post-election crisis in an attempt to facilitate the transition from humanitarian to development aid. The European Commission’s humanitarian aid was structured as a Partnership for Transition, an agreement between the European Commission’s humanitarian aid department ECHO, the Commission’s development cooperation department Europe Aid and the Ivorian authorities. The first phase of the Partnership contributed to restoring basic health services for 2.2 million people most affected by the post-election crisis as well as improving their food security and fostering social cohesion. A second phase of the Partnership will commence in 2014 and is made possible by a tripartite agreement between ECHO, France’s Development agency (AFD) and the Government of Côte d’Ivoire. It will mainly focus on supporting the government’s policy of targeted free health care for children under five and pregnant women in an effort to reduce the country’s high child and maternal mortality rates. For more information about the partnership see our factsheet.