The occupation in the West Bank and the blockade of Gaza has provoked a long-lasting protection crisis with humanitarian consequences notably in terms of access to health, water, education and livelihood opportunities, which in turn is increasing economic and social despair among Palestinians.
The Gaza blockade continues for the sixth year to impact the lives and livelihoods of all Gazans, driving many of them deeper into poverty and unemployment. Around 80% of the 1.6 million populations rely on external assistance.
The West Bank is home to 2.65 million Palestinians. Many are facing an ever growing pressure in terms of movement and access restrictions, demolition of houses and livelihood assets, forced transfer as well as settlers' violence.
In Lebanon, 270.000 Palestinian refugees are living in 12 camps and gatherings. Those registered with UNWRA, the United Nations Agency responsible for Palestinian refugees in the Middle East, receive comprehensive support. However, some Palestinians did not have the possibility to register with UNRWA on time and others found no place in the densely populated camps. The situation in Lebanon has been compounded by the arrival of refugees fleeing Syria, including more than 10,000 long-term Palestinians refugees who were living in Syria.
From 2000 until today, the European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Directorate (ECHO) has provided over €640 million in humanitarian aid to help meeting the basic needs of Palestinians in the Palestine, as well as Palestinian refugees living in Lebanon. The funding for 2012 is €40 million for the Palestine (of which 57% goes to Gaza) and €5 million for Lebanon.