The occupation in the West Bank and the blockade of Gaza has provoked a long-lasting protection crisis with humanitarian consequences notably in terms of access to health, water, education and livelihood opportunities, which in turn is increasing economic and social despair among Palestinians.
The Gaza blockade continues for the seventh year to impact the lives and livelihoods of all Gazans, driving many of them deeper into poverty and unemployment. Around 80% of the 1.6 million populations rely on external assistance.
The West Bank is home to 2.65 million Palestinians. Many are facing an ever growing pressure in terms of movement and access restrictions, demolition of houses and livelihood assets, forced transfer as well as settlers' violence.
From 2000 until today, the European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO) has provided over € 670 million in humanitarian aid to help meeting the basic needs of Palestinians in Palestine.
The funding for 2013 is € 35 million, that benefits more than 2 million Palestinians. Almost a quarter of the € 35 million budget is allocated to core actions such as humanitarian coordination (all over Palestine), legal assistance to families living in Area C and East Jerusalem, and emergency response to demolitions and evictions. Nearly € 10 million is going towards food assistance, primarily in Gaza (food distribution and food vouchers) and to a lesser extent in the Area C of the West Bank (cash-for-work). Funding is also geared towards access to water and sanitation, psycho-social and health care amongst populations most affected by the occupation.