- Haiti is facing critical food and nutritional insecurity, with 4.4 million Haitians acutely food insecure and 131 000 acutely malnourished children (according to the National Food Security Coordination and the Ministry of Health), a consequence of the prolonged drought - exacerbated by an exceptionally strong "El Niño" weather phenomenon – and the impacts of hurricanes Matthew (October 2016) and Irma (September 2017).
- Despite progress, a widespread lack of access to safe drinking water, the continued weakness of sanitary infrastructure and high cholera fatality rates remain serious concerns. Between January and October 2017, 11 933 new suspected cholera cases and 133 associated fatalities were registered.
- Haiti is the largest beneficiary of the European Commission's humanitarian aid in Latin America and the Caribbean, with EUR 378.35 million in assistance since 1994. EU aid brought relief to victims of the 2010 earthquake and of several major hurricanes; helped tackle the cholera epidemic, droughts and the migration crisis; and strengthened local capacities to prepare for and respond to natural and epidemics hazards.