Digital Agenda for Europe
A Europe 2020 Initiative

Malta

Article
Spider chart showing Malta's score in connectivity, human capital, digital public services, use of internet and integration of digital technology compared to the EU average score
Find here the most recent analysis and data by country. A selection of key documents and graphs are shown about topics such as broadband, internet activity and skills, egovernment, ICT in schools, research and innovation, as well as other main indicators.
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/digital-agenda/en/file/desi-2015-radial-mtpng-2desi-2015-radial-mt.png

 

In DESI 2015, Malta has an overall score[1] of 0.5 and ranks 12th out of the 28 EU Member States. In Connectivity Malta is above the EU average. All Maltese households are covered by fixed broadband and all networks provide at least 30 Mbps. At the same time, Malta is below the average on digital skills. Malta falls into the cluster of medium‑performance[2] countries, where it performs slightly below the cluster average.

DESIMaltaClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015120.50.520.48
DESI 2014120.470.460.45

1. Connectivity

1 ConnectivityMaltaClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201590.660.630.56
DESI 2014110.550.540.51

 

Connectivity is the DESI 2015 dimension where Malta performs best. With an overall Connectivity score of 0.66, the country ranks 9th among EU countries and above the EU average. All Maltese households are covered by fixed broadband and all networks are NGA (i.e. they provide at least 30 Mbps).

 

 MaltaEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
1a1 Fixed BB Coverage
% households
100%
(2014)
 2100%
(2013)
497%
(2014)
1a2 Fixed BB Take-up
% households
79%
(2014)
 778%
(2013)
570%
(2014)
1b1 Mobile BB Take-up
Subscribers per 100 people
57
(2014)
 2257
(2013)
1672
(2014)
1b2 Spectrum
% of the target for spectrum to be harmonised at EU level
38%
(2014)
 2638%
(2013)
2570%
(2014)
1c1 NGA Coverage
% households, out of all households
100%
(2014)
 1100%
(2013)
168%
(2014)
1c2 Subscriptions to Fast BB
% of subscriptions >= 30Mbps, out of fixed BB subscriptions
55%
(2014)
 314%
(2013)
2326%
(2014)
1d1 Fixed BB Price
% individual gross income spent for the cheapest standalone Fixed Broadband subscription (lower values are better)
n.a. -n.a.-1.4%
(2014)

 

Malta has completed its broadband coverage and all connections are fast (at least 30 Mbps). The take up of fixed broadband is well above EU average. By the end of 2014, the majority of consumers migrated to fast broadband services.

Nevertheless, Malta needs to improve its performance in mobile. Despite the fact, that 4th generation (LTE) services were launched, the take up of mobile broadband is below EU average. This may be the outcome of the limited harmonisation of spectrum bands.

 

 Download the Report on the Implementation of the Telecommunications Regulatory Package (EN)

2. Human Capital

2 Human CapitalMaltaClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015180.490.570.54
DESI 2014160.470.530.52

 

With a Human Capital score of 0.49, Malta ranks 18th among EU countries, and ranks a bit lower than a year ago (16th).

 

 MaltaEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
2a1 Internet Users
% individuals (aged 16-74)
70%
(2014)
 1866%
(2013)
1875%
(2014)
2a2 Basic Digital Skills
% individuals (aged 16-74)
55%
(2014)
 1854%
(2012)
1759%
(2014)
2b1 ICT Specialists
% employed individuals
3.1%
(2012)
 103.1%
(2012)
102.8%
(2012)
2b2 STEM Graduates
Graduates in STEM per 1000 individuals (aged 20 to 29)
11
(2012)
 2411
(2012)
2417
(2012)

 

In order to fully develop its digital economy and society, Malta needs to engage its citizens to use the Internet. This is Malta's weakest DESI indicator and presents a lower percentage of regular Internet users (70%) than the EU (75%). Moreover, a quarter of the Maltese population has never used the internet.

Malta needs to address its digital skills gap. Digital skills are nowadays needed in every corner of the workforce, and despite the fact that 55% of Maltese population possess at least basic digital skills, this value is below the EU average (59%).

Additionally, STEM (Science, Technology and Mathematics) graduates play an important role in exploiting the opportunities offered by digital technologies in businesses and in this indicator Malta is one of the worst of the 28 EU Member States, with a rank of 24.

3. Use of Internet

3 Use of InternetMaltaClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015110.470.470.43
DESI 2014100.480.430.41

 

In terms of the propensity of individuals to use Internet services, Malta scores 0.47 and ranks 11th among EU countries.

 

 MaltaEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
3a1 News
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
74%
(2014)
 1470%
(2013)
1667%
(2014)
3a2 Music, Videos and Games
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
56%
(2014)
 953%
(2012)
1049%
(2014)
3a3 Video on Demand
% households that have a TV
9.5%
(2014)
 267%
(2013)
2741%
(2014)
3b1 Video Calls
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
39%
(2014)
 1743%
(2013)
937%
(2014)
3b2 Social Networks
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
72%
(2014)
 473%
(2013)
258%
(2014)
3c1 Banking
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
61%
(2014)
 1262%
(2013)
1157%
(2014)
3c2 Shopping
% individuals who used Internet in the last year (aged 16-74)
63%
(2014)
 1065%
(2013)
1063%
(2014)

 

Maltese Internet users engage in a broad range of online activities. They read news online (74%), listen to music, watch films and play games online (56%), use the Internet to communicate via voice or video calls (39%) or through social networks (72%). For all of these activities, engagement among Maltese is higher than the EU average. However, regarding the use of video on demand, Malta's value of 9.5% is largely bellow the EU average of 41%.

However, DESI results also show no increase in video calls and in the use of social networks, online banking and online shopping from 2013 to 2014. Overcoming this trend is an important step for Malta, since a digital economy is partly fuelled by its citizens’ consumption in the online channel.

4. Integration of Digital Technology

4 Integration of Digital TechnologyMaltaClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015110.380.370.33
DESI 2014130.360.330.3

 

In Integration of Digital Technology by businesses, Malta scores 0.38, and ranks 11th among EU countries. Malta’s businesses still need to better exploit the possibilities offered by on-line commerce, social media and cloud-based applications.

 

 MaltaEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
4a1 Electronic Information Sharing
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
31%
(2014)
 1525%
(2013)
1931%
(2014)
4a2 RFID
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
6.2%
(2014)
 53.3%
(2011)
43.8%
(2014)
4a3 Social Media
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
24%
(2014)
 525%
(2013)
314%
(2014)
4a4 eInvoices
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
8.8%
(2014)
 1913%
(2013)
1011%
(2014)
4a5 Cloud
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
9.7%
(2014)
 13n.a.-11%
(2014)
4b1 SMEs Selling Online
% SMEs (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
16%
(2014)
 1110%
(2013)
1815%
(2014)
4b2 eCommerce Turnover
% turnover of SMEs (no financial sector, 10-249 employees)
3.5%
(2014)
 264.4%
(2013)
258.8%
(2014)
4b3 Selling Online Cross-border
% SMEs (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
12%
(2013)
 312%
(2013)
36.5%
(2013)

 

A true digital economy is one where businesses take full advantage of the possibilities and benefits offered by digital technologies, to improve their efficiency and productivity, as well as to reach costumers and realise sales. To that end, Malta still has a large possibility of improvement.

The adoption of digital technologies is an important driver of labour productivity growth and needs to be strengthened. On eCommerce turnover (3.5%) and the use of eInvoices (8.8%), Malta is below the EU average.

On the bright side, more and more Maltese SMEs sell online (16%) and the percentage of SMEs selling online to other EU member states (12%) is high.

5. Digital Public Services

5 Digital Public ServicesMaltaClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015130.460.510.47
DESI 201490.50.440.45

 

In Digital Public Services Malta presents a score of 0.46, and ranks 13th among EU countries. Despite the widespread availability of public services, the percentage of eGovernment users is low.

 

 MaltaEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
5a1 eGovernment Users
% individuals returning filled forms, out of Internet users in the last year (aged 16-74)
27%
(2014)
 1918%
(2013)
1933%
(2014)
5a2 Pre-filled Forms
Score (0 to 100)
87
(2014)
 289
(2013)
245
(2014)
5a3 Online Service Completion
Score (0 to 100)
99
(2014)
 197
(2013)
175
(2014)
5a4 Open Data
Score (0 to 700)
245
(2014)
 25n.a.-378
(2014)
5b1 Medical Data Exchange
% General Practitioners
18%
(2013)
 1718%
(2013)
1736%
(2013)
5b2 ePrescription
% General Practitioners
0%
(2013)
 280%
(2013)
2827%
(2013)

 

Modern public services offered online in an efficient manner are a vehicle for reducing public spending and drive efficiency gains for enterprises, citizens, and the public administration itself.

Malta scores at the top of the ranks in the availability and sophistication of eGovernment services. However, use by citizens does not match the ambition of the supply side: with 27% of internet users fully engaging with the public authorities, Malta scores well below EU average, probably because of the level of digital skills in the population.

Moreover, Malta scores low in making government data available. Finally, Malta faces a key challenge in online public services mostly in the area of eHealth.

 

 Download the eGovernment benchmark factsheet (EN)

6. R&D

 Download information on R&D in the ICT sector and participation in Horizon 2020 (EN)


[1] DESI scores range from 0 to 1, the higher the score the better the country performance.

[2] In the DESI 2015, the medium-performance cluster of countries comprises Austria, Belgium, Deutschland, Estonia, Spain, France, Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, United Kingdom.

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Last updated on 18/06/2015