Digital Agenda for Europe
A Europe 2020 Initiative

Germany

Article
Find here the most recent analysis and data by country. A selection of key documents and graphs are shown about topics such as broadband, internet activity and skills, egovernment, ICT in schools, research and innovation, as well as other main indicators.
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Broadband markets

At the end of 2013, fixed broadband covered 97% of homes in Germany (97% in the EU). In rural areas, fixed broadband covered 95% of homes. At the same time, Next Generation Access capable of providing at least 30 Mbps download was available to 75% of homes (62% in the EU).

85% of the households had a broadband subscription at the end of 2013, higher than the EU average (76%) and 3 percentage points higher than at the end of 2012. The share of high speed connections (providing at least 30 Mbps) was lower than the EU average (16% compared to 21% in the EU). Ultra-fast connections (providing at least 100 Mbps) accounted for 3% of all subscriptions (5% in the EU).

On the mobile side, 4th generation (LTE) was available to 81% of population (compared to 52% in 2012). The take-up rate (subscription per 100 people) of mobile broadband was 45%, below the EU average of 62%.

Indicator (including breakdown and unit)

Germany value

EU28 value

 

2012

2013

2013

Fixed broadband coverage - Total (in % of total population)

97

97

97

Rural fixed broadband coverage – Total (in % of rural population)

86

95

90

NGA broadband coverage - Total (in % of households)

66

75

62

Households with a broadband subscription - All households (in % of households)

82

85

76

Share of subscriptions with at least 30Mbps - (% of subscriptions)

12

16

21

Share of subscriptions with at least 100Mbps - (% of subscriptions)

1

3

5

4G Mobile broadband coverage - (as a % of total population)

52

81

59

Mobile broadband take-up - Total (in Subscriptions per 100 people)

43

45

62

Internet usage

In 2013, 80% of Germans reported using the internet at least weekly (regular users), above the EU average of 72%. Germany exhibited higher rates of daily use of the internet (frequent users), with 69% of the population reporting going online every day, compared to an EU average of 62%. In 2013, 13% of the population had still never used the internet, lower than in 2012 and lower than the EU average of 20%.

Indicator (including breakdown and unit)

Germany value

EU28 value

2012

2013

2013

Internet users going on-line weekly (Regular internet users - All individuals, in % of individuals)

78

80

72

Internet users on a daily basis (Frequent internet users - All individuals, in % of individuals)

65

69

62

Individuals who have never used the internet - All individuals (in % of individuals)

15

13

20

Digital skills

Results obtained from a newly developed Digital Skills Indicator[1] show that, in 2012, 40% of Germans had low or no digital skills, compared to 47% for the EU average. Disadvantaged people (i.e. individuals who are aged 55-74, low educated and/or unemployed, retired or inactive) in Germany are more highly digitally skilled than is average in the EU. Within the workforce, skills are higher; 30% of the workforce has low or no digital skills. On average in the EU, the figure is 39%. At 38% in 2013, figures for households without internet access reporting lack of skills as a reason for no access are lower than the EU average of 37%. According to a broad definition, the share of ICT specialists in total employment in Germany was 3% in 2012; about the same as the EU average of 2.8%.[2]

Indicator (including breakdown and unit)

Germany value

EU28 value

2012

2013

2012

2013

Individuals with low or no digital skills (in % of individuals)

40

-

47

-

Disadvantaged people with low or no digital skills  (in % of disadvantaged people)

57

-

64

-

Labour force with low or no digital skills  (in % of labour force)

30

-

39

-

Households reporting lack of skills as a reason for having no Internet access (in % of households without internet access)

33

38

35

37

Persons Employed with ICT Specialist Skills - Total (in % of persons employed)

3.0

-

2.8

-

eCommerce

In 2013, 69% of Germans had purchased goods or services online within the previous 12 months, which means that take-up of e-Commerce was well above the EU average of 47%. Germany exhibited worse rates of cross-border e-Commerce, with 11% of the population having bought online from other EU countries in the previous 12 months, compared to an EU average of 12%. In 2013, 45% of large enterprises were selling on-line, more than in 2012 and more than the EU average of 35%. SMEs were significantly less active with only 22% of SMEs selling online, more than the EU average of 14%.                                          

Indicator (including breakdown and unit)

Germany value

EU28 value

2012

2013

2013

Ordering goods or services online - All individuals (in % of individuals)

65

69

47

Cross-border e-Commerce - All individuals (in % of individuals)

9

11

12

Enterprises selling online - Large enterprises (in % of enterprises)

42

45

35

Enterprises selling online - SMEs (10-249 persons employed) (in % of enterprises)

21

22

14

eGovernment

In 2013, 49% of Germans made use of the internet for eGovernment services, a decrease from 51% in 2012 and above the EU average of 41%. 14% of citizens sent filled-in forms, the same as the 15% in 2012, and below the EU average. On the supply-side, the newly introduced User-centric eGovernment Indicator[3] was at 65 in 2012-2013, below the EU average of 70, and the Transparent eGovernment Indicator[4] was at 30, much below the EU average of 49.

 

Indicator (including breakdown and unit)

Germany

value

EU28

value

2012

2013

2013

Citizens' use of eGovernment services, last 12 months - All individuals (in % of individuals)

51

49

41

Citizens sending filled forms to eGov services, last 12 months - All individuals (in % of individuals)

15

14

21

User-centric eGovernment Indicator - ( 0-100 range)

65

70[5]

Transparent eGovernment Indicator - (0-100 range)

30

49[6]

eHealth

In 2013, 31% of German hospitals had a broadband connection >50Mbps, below the EU average of 36%. 54% of hospitals exchange clinical information with external healthcare providers or professionals, which is below the EU average of 55%. For General Practitioners, the rate is 24%, lower than the EU average of 28%. 0% of hospitals provide patients access to the totality or part of their medical records, which is lower than the EU average (9%).

Indicator (including breakdown and unit) for acute[7] hospitals

Germany value

EU28+2[8] value

 

2010

2013

2013

Broadband connection > 50Mbps (in % of  hospitals)

41*

31

36

Exchange of clinical care information with external health care providers (in % of  hospitals)

32

54

55

Online access (partial or total) to electronic records by patients (in % of  hospitals)

0

0

9

Indicator (including breakdown and unit) for General Practitioners (GPs)

2007

2013

EU28+3[9] value

Use of a computer during consultation with the patient (in % of  GPs)

72

98

97

Exchange of medical  patient data with  other health care providers or professionals (in % of  GPs)

4

24

28

Electronic storage of individual medical patient data - (in % of  GPs)

65

81

83

Research and Development (R&D) in ICT

In 2010, Business Expenditure in R&D (BERD) by the ICT sector in Germany amounts to €5482mn, markedly up from €5309mn the year before. BERD by the ICT sector represents 12% of total BERD, below the EU average of 17%, indicating relatively less of a research focus on ICT. Total BERD is 1.9% of GDP, above the EU average of 1.2%. In 2012, Public funding in R&D (GBAORD) in the ICT sector amounts to €1215mn representing 5.1% to total GBAORD, below the EU average of 6.6%.

Indicator

(including breakdown and unit)

Germany value

 

2009

2010

2011

2012

ICT BERD – Million €

5309

5482

-

-

ICT BERD - % of Total BERD

12

12

-

-

Total BERD - % GDP

1.9

1.9

-

-

ICT GBAORD – Million €

1202

1276

1298

1215

ICT GBAORD - % of Total GBAORD

5.5

5.5

5.5

5.1

 

Indicator

(including breakdown and unit)

EU27/28 value

 

2009

2010

2011

2012

ICT BERD – Million €

25368

25993

-

-

ICT BERD - % of Total BERD

17

17

-

-

Total BERD - % GDP

1.2

1.2

-

-

ICT GBAORD – Million €

5958

6044

6118

5962

ICT GBAORD - % of Total GBAORD

6.5

6.5

6.6

6.6

Participation to the EU-funded Seventh Framework Programme for Research (FP7) in ICT

Over the period 2007-2013[10] the EU co-funded projects in Germany in the ICT domain (FP7 Cooperation ICT Theme and e-infrastructures within Capacities) for a cumulated total of €1,640 million. Overall 990 German organisations participated in 1,729 projects (so represented in 72% of all projects) and coordinated 435 projects.

In 2013 participation from higher education/ research organizations was at 73% of funding, above the EU average (66%). Industrial participation was at 25%, below the EU average (29%), with 13% of total funding going to large enterprises and 11% to SMEs.

Participation (in terms of share of total funding) is higher in the following Strategic Objectives: Cognitive Systems and Robotics, Future Networks and Internet and FET.

Indicator

Germany value

EU28 value

2012

2013

2013

Participations

514

654

3,493

Total EU funding to FP7 ICT projects – All organisations (Million €)

216.59

297.3

1,350

 

 

 

 

N. of organisations

258

313

1,780

New entries – All organisations (% of organisations)

45%

43%

41%

N. of SME participations - Total

88

115

679

N. of SME participations - % of total participations

17%

18%

19%

Funding by organisation type - % of EU funding

SMEs

13%

11%

16%

Higher education/research organisations (HES/REC)

62%

73%

66%

Large enterprises

24%

13%

13%

Other organizations

1%

2%

4%

State of the electronic communications market and regulations

The report is covering in particular key market and regulatory developments in 2012 and 2013. It addresses issues such as economic indicators, competitiveness, market developments including roaming, regulations, broadband plans, authorisation, spectrum management, access and interconnection, consumer issues and net neutrality.

Read the full 2014 monitoring report (EU + 28 EU country chapters).

 

[1] The Digital Skills Indicator is a composite indicator of digital skills based on the IPTS Digital Competence Framework and using data collected through the Eurostat survey on Internet use in households and by individuals. The indicator has been developed as part of the work towards action 62 of the Digital Agenda to propose EU-wide indicators of digital competence. http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/newsroom/cf/dae/document.cfm?action=display&doc_id=5406

[2] Broad definition taken from JRC (IPTS) "The evolution of EU ICT employment 2000-2012" Technical report (forthcoming): ISCO codes 25 and 35, plus ICT graduates in certain adjacent ISCO codes.

[3] The User-Centric eGovernment Indicator is a composite indicator measuring the availability of eGovernment services, their connectedness and their user-friendliness for seven areas of government services through a user journey approach using the concept of life event (well defined user need).

[4] The Transparent eGovernment Indicator is a composite indicator measuring the online transparency of governments on the different aspects of online service delivery, treatment of citizens' personal data and activities of the public administrations. The indicator has been measured over seven areas of government services through a user journey approach using the concept of life event (well defined user need).

[5] The indicator is measured over a two-year period, figures refer to 2012-2013

[6] See note above

[7] Hospitals intended for short-term medical or surgical treatment and care

[8] Iceland and Norway

[9] Iceland, Norway and Turkey

*Figures are not fully comparable across years because of different sampling methodologies and questionnaires

[10] Data for the period 2007 – 2013 (it considers grants signed up to December 2013).

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