What is the objective of this study? Broadband mapping initiatives of any kind (e.g. mapping of physical infrastructure, services or other broadband-relevant information) provide authorities, consumers and industry with essential information. These initiatives will allow policy makers and national regulatory authorities and other relevant entities, including market players to identify underserved areas and areas for improvement. They would also help the exploitation of synergies between networks including transport, energy, water and sewer that contribute to reducing the high costs of deployment.