Cities consume 75 per cent of worldwide energy production and generate 80 per cent of CO2 emissions (http://bit.ly/15okoMH). Many have therefore argued that a sustainable urban model requires a “smart city.” EC initiatives for Smart Cities focus on sustainability issues such as buildings, energy networks and transport.
Smart Cities have been characterised and defined by a number of factors including sustainability, economic development and a high quality of life. Enhancing these factors can be achieved through infrastructure (physical capital), human capital, social capital and/or ICT infrastructure.
Rick Robinson, Executive Architect at IBM, describes a Smart City as one that aims to achieve the goals of a Future City by utilising ICT.
What is your definition of smart city? What is the role of the citizen in a smart city?