Vitor Gaspar was special adviser at Banco de Portugal, before becoming Head of BEPA in January 2007. Before that, he was Director-General Research at the European Central Bank from September 1998 until December 2004. He was also Director of the Research and Statistics Department of Banco de Portugal and Director of Economic Studies at the Portuguese Ministry of Finance.
He has been associated with European integration. He was alternate member of the Monetary Committee from 1989 to 1998 and personal representative of the Finance Minister in the IGC leading to the Maastricht Treaty. He was also Chairman of the Alternates of the Monetary Committee from1994 to1998. He was member of GEPA from 2005 to 2006.
His research interests are macroeconomic policy, public economics, political economy and financial integration.
He has published numerous articles (including in EER, JEEA, Macroeconomic Dynamics, International Finance, Journal of Development Economics) and books. Among the latter 'Imperfect knowledge and Monetary Policy' was written jointly with Otmar Issing and published by Cambridge University Press.