Questions and Answers on the Community Civil Protection Mechanism
What is the Community Civil Protection Mechanism?
The Community Civil Protection Mechanism was first established by Council Decision in 2001. Its purpose is to facilitate cooperation in civil protection assistance interventions in the event of a major emergency which may require urgent response action and also in situations where there may be an imminent threat of a major emergency. It is, therefore, an instrument that enhances Community cooperation in civil protection matters. The current legal framework governing the Mechanism consists of the Council Decision of 5 March 2007 establishing a Civil Protection Financial Instrument and the Council Decision of 8 November 2007 establishing a Community Civil Protection Mechanism (recast) 1 .
In accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, the Mechanism can "add value" to European civil protection assistance by making support available at the request of an affected country. The Mechanism may be activated, for example, if the country in question is overwhelmed by the scale of the disaster and requests assistance. By pooling the civil protection capabilities of the participating states, the Mechanism can ensure better protection primarily of people, but also of the natural and cultural environment, and property.