JRC study on best available technologies for heating and cooling
Every year over 40% of total energy consumed in Europe is used for heating, both at domestic and industrial levels. The cooling demand is growing exponentially, for instance in food production and food storage. The importance of heat and cooling sectors is underlined in several EU energy policy initiatives, which emphasise the role of technologies based on renewable energy sources combined with high-efficiency energy technologies. In this context, the JRC has published a study on "Best available technologies for the heat and cooling market in the European Union".
These technologies have been selected by an interdisciplinary group of experts from the JRC, Bio Intelligence Services and the Danish Technological Institute. The study shows that these technologies can significantly reduce the primary energy demand and CO2 emissions.
Sectors covered are district heating (including combined heat and power generation), industrial technologies, service and residential technologies and finally agriculture and fishery technologies. The descriptions of the technologies include the advantages and disadvantages.
The figure below shows the potential outcome of two different scenarios by 2050, as compared with the current trend, in the EU's evolution of useful energy for heating demand. Results show a reduction of 7% to 11% in the energy demand and a different technology mix depending on the technologies' market penetration.