Communications and Radar Sensors Networks for Security Applications
Institute for the Protection and the Security of the
The project will focus on the development of state of the art knowledge
and techniques in the field of Digital Signal Acquisition, Processing
and Analysis with the aim of identifying innovative and converging
solutions in the area of sensors (radar) and wireless communication.
Such solutions aim at supporting the Security Forces of the EU in their
task of protecting the EU Citizens through better surveillance systems and more reliable and secure communication networks.
Relying on the scientific capability of the team in the domain of test
and measurement in the r.f. and microwave domains as well as in digital
signal processing, the efforts are primarily devoted to carry out
scientific/technical supporting activities related to three general objectives:
1. Develop and validate suitable algorithms to evaluate the impact of
wireless communication (e.g. Ultra Wide Band, Spectrum Management) on existing wireless infrastructure (GSM, UMTS, etc.)
2. Support the development and testing of technologies for ensuring the
availability of efficient communications systems for the identified security applications.
3. Technically assist EU to preserve independency with respect to
strategic leading-edge technologies in the communications domain while
assuring the formation of conditions of freedom in the related communications market.
4. Provide proof-of-concepts/demonstrations of innovative
approaches/methods/tools, based on the use of radio frequency and
microwave, to respond to specific needs within the identified security tasks.
In more detail, the project will develop the following activities:
" Further develop scientific activities on advanced Digital Signal
Processing techniques to be applied both in radar technologies and in wireless communications.
" Explore innovative radar technologies to be used in support of alert
systems and public security, with particular emphasis on the feasibility
and potential use of networks of intelligent monitoring stations for early-warning in the frame of Civil Protection emergencies.
" Further progress in re-orienting the traditional technical expertise
on innovative systems and techniques for high-resolution radar imaging,
towards identified security oriented applications and explore the
possible added-value in sharing techniques/tools/components/approaches developed for the communications field.
" Support the process of definition/upgrading/updating relevant
standards in the field of wireless communications technologies and
technically assist standardization bodies, regulators as well as policy makers in the task;
" Support the procedure to identify a common European approach to the
certification of relevant and emerging technologies, such as Software
Defined Radio (SDR) platforms and Ultra Wide Band (UWB) systems,
including the establishment of a corresponding adequate environment.
" Support a process enabling a permanent assessment of the needs of
communications in the different security application areas and with
respect to challenging and rapidly changing scenarios and finally
leading to the establishment of a common EU communications strategy.
" Support from a technological point of view the reinforcement of a
capacity to anticipate problems/threats in the field of communications
and particularly in security related applications. Particular emphasis
will be devoted to the problem of assessing mutual interference among
actual wireless technologies as well as to the anticipation of the
possible impact of future technologies under development in order to ensure their rapid acceptance and smooth deployment.
" Provide scientific/technical expertise as well as an experimental
capability to demonstrate and evaluate technological solutions against
identified needs and requirements, such as communications systems interoperability and re-configurability.
Objectives for 2009 :
" 01.00: Supporting the establishment of a European approach to
certification of emerging communication technologies. Particular
emphasis will be given to the Software Defined Radio(SDR) further
developing the internal scientific/technical expertise on the technology
to perform re-configurability and interoperability tests.
" 02.00: Support the establishment of an EU approach to communications
for security. Taking into account the specific aspects of the
communications within the security domain the intention is to start and
technically coordinate a process aiming at enable a permanent assessment
of needs and requirements for communications in different security
application areas and with respect to challenging and rapidly changing scenarios.
" 03.00: Test and evaluation of wireless communication systems
interferences. Mobile wireless technologies represent a fast evolving
and growing world of increasing importance to provide efficient
communication capabilities. To respond to the new needs research efforts
have been and are oriented to offer an increased capability of data
transmission combined with an efficient management of the spectrum. As
the vicinity of allocated bands in the spectrum for communication
protocols increase or even overlap the problem of mutual interference
arises and/or has an increasing importance. It is intended to contribute
to the urgent challenge to set-up and implement a harmonized experimental environment devoted to the assessment of interference
aspects of communication technologies.
" 04.00: Radio Frequency threats analysis. In addition to unintentional
mutual interference among different wireless technologies and/or to
undesired effects on electronic systems, Electromagnetic (EMP) and
ultra-wideband (UWB) pulses can be intentionally generated using
commercially available sources to produce failures of varying severity
in a large number of electro-mechanical systems. With respect to this
scenario, it is intended to start an in-depth and systematic analysis of
the susceptibility of common current electronic devices and technologies
to serve as a solid basis for important tasks such: i) the definition of
new limits of EMP and UWB field intensity to assist standardization and
regulatory bodies to develop new protection standards for electronic
systems, particularly for those used in critical infrastructures; ii)
the development of new concepts and appropriate design standards to
enhance the protection of critical infrastructures with respect to the
identified threat; iii) the identification of enhanced techniques to
detect attacks as a part of effective and innovative 24/7 surveillance systems for critical infrastructures.
" 05.00: Innovative imaging radar systems for security applications. On
the basis of the long term expertise in scientific/technical tasks
related to the design, implementation and validation of innovative radar
imaging systems it is intended to perform scientific activities to
provide the proof-of-concept for an efficient and cost-effective
solution to implement an innovative microwave imaging system able to
guarantee an unprecedented high 'refreshing' rate (several frames/images
per second). Possible applications of the new system will then be investigated.