Air Quality and Transport Modelling
Institute for environment and sustainability
The Action will carry out research on transport and air quality modelling. Research will aim at the quality assurance of modelling tools from local to hemispheric scale and in improving emission inventories in support of the EU Air Quality and Climate Change strategies and the relevant Directives.
Activities will be conducted in close coordination with other JRC activities related to the Air Quality, Climate Change and Transport policies and the European Environment Agency (EEA). Collaboration is also foreseen with other JRC Actions, like the Actions on Integrated Climate Policy Assessment: Emissions and Environmental Impacts (ICPA-EEI), the Global Air Pollution and Climate Change (GAPCC) in IES and the CI-TRANS action of IPSC. Collaboration with all of the Actions within the Transport and Air Quality Unit (TRANSTECH, APE, REM and SUSTRANS) is also well coordinated.
The AIRMODE Action has long-term experience in running modelling inter-comparison exercises, at a European level. In 2008, as a response to the requirement of Member States and DG-ENV for assessment of Air Quality models, the AIRMODE Action has set up a network on Air Quality Modelling (FAIRMODE), in collaboration with the EEA. The JRC will lead Working Group 2 on Quality Assurance of Models. This activity is part of a more general activity of Quality Assessment of Air Quality together with the APE Action. At the same time, the Action is working on the scientific improvement of models, through co-leading the AQMEII (Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative).
Furthermore the experience gathered in the radioactive dispersion modelling will be further extended to also address accidental releases of non-radioactive substances, by the use of the ENSEMBLE approach and tool. The same tool will also be used within the JRC IES REM Action as in the past for the accidental release of radioactive substances.
As a support to Member States and in order to facilitate the calculation of emission inventories, the Action will also work towards improving emission inventory models, particularly for the transport sector. In this field, the Action has recently taken the lead of a European Group on Transport Emission Factors Development. The Action will rely on the extensive experimental work being done within the JRC IES Vehicle Emissions Laboratory (VELA) in the TRANSTECH and SUSTRANS Actions, as well as in external collaborations. Finally, the Action will also use Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in order to model the flows of particles within the VELA facilities.
a) European Dimension: The Action will collaborate with the Regions of the Po Valley, in order to address the issue of air quality through modelling. The Action also co-leads the expert panel on Transport in the EMEP Task Force for Emission Inventories and Projections (TFEIP).
b) Outside Europe: The collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency of the U.S. (US-EPA) and Canadian EPA in the fields of atmospheric dispersion modelling and emission inventories and model evaluation . Collaboration with the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) was also forged in 2008 on the issue of transport emission inventories.