Hydrogen Storage and Safety
Institute for Energy
HYSAST supports the safe and cost-effective market penetration of hydrogen as alternative fuel in vehicles and as energy storage medium for renewable energy systems. The action focuses on the development of harmonised and validated measurement techniques, test protocols and safety assessment procedures to support regulatory and standardisation activities at European and international level, covering both vehicles and the hydrogen infrastructure. Information and data used to provide S&T support is obtained from a combination of laboratory work, networking and desktop studies.
HYSAST will evaluate safety, efficiency and performance of hydrogen storage and distribution systems. It focuses on the establishment and operation of three EU reference functions:
1. EU reference laboratory on safety and performance assessment of high-pressure hydrogen (and natural gas) storage tanks through cyclic and permeation testing. The results will generate still missing information on long-term mechanical and thermal behaviour of tanks and their safety performance. The experimental activities are complemented by computational fluid-dynamics modelling of the fast filling process. The activities will allow identification of potential safety issues and of possible gaps in present regulations, codes and standards (RCS) and enable their improvements.
2. EU reference laboratory on hydrogen capacity measurements in solid-state materials (akin to the SwRI reference laboratory financed by US-DoE). Accurate and independent assessment of sorption parameters is essential for further development of promising solid-state storage materials. The laboratory will provide hydrogen capacity measurements as impartial validation service to European research centres and university groups developing new storage materials. A database on experimental hydrogen capacity parameters will be developed and put at disposition of EU laboratories. The action will organise benchmarking exercises enabling the development of guidelines and best practice protocols serving future standardisation needs.
3. EU reference safety centre relying on the competences in Computational Fluid-Dynamics modelling of (accidental) hydrogen release and ignition. A review of already world-wide achieved results and a gap analysis will be performed to assist JTI programming. Part of this activity will be performed in the frame of the Network of Excellence HySafe and of the future International Institute for Hydrogen Safety, follow-up of HySafe. In addition, experimental assessment of hydrogen safety sensors focusing on safety-critical parameters such as reaction time, lifetime, sensitivity and cross-sensitivity to other gases and effect of environmental factors (temperature, humidity and altitude) will be performed in the context of the safety centre. The results will be made available to the ISO TC197 Working Group 13 on "hydrogen detection apparatus".
The action will build and expand, where appropriate and possible in term of available manpower, links to Action 13101 (CLEANCAB) in the field of safety of hydrogen production and CO2 storage, Action 13104 (FCPOINT) in hydrogen utilisation, and Action 13102 (ASSETS) in joint desktop studies.
HYSAST supports the research work of visiting staff and the JRC Enlargement and Integration Action by hosting visiting researchers. The action is involved in strategically selected indirect actions and international collaborations.
Where needed HYSAST will provide support to activities of the ESE Unit triggered by the JRC-IE involvement and role in the SET-Plan Information System (SETIS).
Upon request, HYSAST represents Commission services in international technical working groups of IEA and IPHE.