Joint Research Centre - European Commission

JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE
The European Commission's in-house science service
European Commission

Clean Coal and Biomass

Institute for Energy

Action: 13101

Acronym: CLEANCAB

Summary:

CLEANCAB performs experimental, desk-top and policy support activities. It addresses fuels and processes for enhanced efficiency and emissions reduction in energy conversion chains. Particular attention is paid to integrated conversion processes for coal and biomass to produce heat, electricity, alternative fuels (including 2nd generation biofuels) as well as chemical and material feedstocks. The scope includes carbon capture technologies for abatement of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) (particularly CO2) emissions and the biorefinery concept.

The Action works within the JRC Biofuels Thematic Programme on 2nd generation biofuels and alternative uses of biomass. In support of the new renewables directive, CLEANCAB will continue to work closely with DG TREN on implementation of the Biomass Action Plan and sustainability issues.

For clean coal CLEANCAB will work with DG TREN to support establishment of a Project Network for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) demonstration. The technical support covers aspects such as biomass co-firing, oxyfuel combustion and both pre- and post-combustion capture technologies.

CLEANCAB takes part in joint desk-top studies with ASSETS (13102) on the SET Plan. Where appropriate, synergy through shared use of facilities and technical competences with HYSAST (13104), in the field of fuel storage, and with FCPOINT (13103), in fuel production and utilization will be enhanced.

CLEANCAB critically evaluates performance aspects of thermal and specific biological energy conversion systems through selective underpinning research. It focuses on optimum routes to achieve maximum yield of heat, electricity, fuel/biofuel or chemical feedstock with maximum use of process residues. Experimental research addresses gasification of biomass and coal, production of alternative fuels/biofuels/hydrogen, co-firing of biomass and coal, carbon capture, and biogas production from agricultural residues and energy crops. The choice of research topics is guided by customer DG needs and the research agendas of the relevant Technology Platforms.

On the request of DGs the Action also provides input to a number of other closely related policy areas; e.g. the new proposed Industrial emissions directive, which includes Large Combustion Plants, the directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (96/61/EC), Regulation 1774/2002 on animal by-products and the Nitrates Directive (91/676/EEC).

CLEANCAB supports the research work of doctoral students and the Enlargement and Integration Action of the JRC by organising expert workshops, training and hosting visiting researchers. Finally, it is involved in strategically selected indirect actions and in collaborations with relevant organisations in the Member States. Upon request, CLEANCAB represents Commission services in international technical working groups of IEA Bioenergy.