Nuclear security research at JRC
Nuclear safeguards: analysis of radioactive sample
The JRC contributes to nuclear security in the area of safeguards, non-proliferation and the fight against illicit activities involving nuclear and radiological material. The JRC investigates and reports on issues related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, with the aim of supporting Commission services and collaborating with the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Although the JRC has over 30 years experience in supporting the Euratom and Non Proliferation Treaties, continuous technical innovations and improvements are required to implement the evolving safeguards policy. The Additional Protocol aims to assure the absence of undeclared nuclear operations. Its implementation requires a number of techniques different from those involved in verifying nuclear material accountancy. It requires an overall description of a country's nuclear activities, provisions for more extensive site declarations and more varied inspection requirements. The detection and the identification of illegally transported or stored nuclear material constitute a major line of defence against illicit trafficking. Nuclear forensic science provides clues on the origin of the seized material. Establishing appropriate response plans for handling cases of detection remains an important issue.
JRC's activities in this area are organised in two sub agendas:
- Nuclear Safeguards, Additional Protocol and Combating Illicit Trafficking
- Open source Information collection on Nuclear Non Proliferation
Details on scientific actions in this area:
- Nuclear Facilities Verification
- Nuclear Traceability and Sealing Systems
- Providing metrological tools to support nuclear safeguards activities
- Nuclear Fuel Cycle Simulations
- Nuclear Materials Measurement Techniques
- Information Analysis for Nuclear Security
- Forensic Analysis and Combating Illicit trafficking
- Nuclear and Trace Analysis for Safeguards