Joint Research Centre - European Commission

The European Commission's in-house science service
European Commission


The JRC, with a staff of around 2890, is allocated an annual budget of around €330 million for direct support to EU institutions from the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). It earns up to a further 15% through contracts (participation in collaborative projects, technology transfer and work for third parties - including industry and regional authorities).



The JRC employs some 2890 people, from throughout the EU, who bring their skills and talents to work on scientific issues at hand. A policy of attracting bright and able scientists to the JRC ensures a rich resource pool. In addition, the JRC collaborates with over 1,000 different research and other organisations - both public and private - to achieve its goals. The JRC offers a variety of temporary and permanent work opportunities and training for scientific and technical staff.


Institutional budget

The available credits to the JRC are subdivided into staff expenses, means of execution (maintenance of buildings and equipment, electricity, insurance, consumables etc.) and specific credits (direct scientific procurements). The credits come from the institutional budget and in 2009, the total amount committed was €338 million.

In addition, an amount of €32.6 million was made available in 2009 to finance the programme to decommission obsolete nuclear installations, and to manage the relevant waste activities.


In million Euro 2007 2008 2009
Staff expenses 218.73 224.5 231.79
Means of execution   65.07   69.8   68.25
Operational appropriations (FWP)   37.67   38.4   38.20
Total (rounded) 321.47 332.7 332.7


Additional credits of €18.2 million came from contributions of countries associated to the Framework Programme.

Earned income

A portion of the JRC’s income comes from participation in FP7 indirect actions, performing additional work for Commission services, and contract work for third parties such as regional authorities or industry. These activities complement the tasks outlined in the JRC’s work programme and are seen as an essential tool for acquiring and transferring expertise and know-how.

The table below shows the value of contracts signed and inscribed in the accounts. The total quantity cashed by the JRC for ongoing contracts in 2009 amounted to €66.4 million.  Some 41% of all contracts signed in 2009 were a result of requests from Commission services for additional S&T support.  


Contracts signed (million Euro) 2007 2008 2009
Indirect actions  3.2 14.4 19.3
Competitive activites outside the Framework Program (FP) 17.3 26.9 40.9
Third Party work 11.7  4.4  6.4
Total (rounded) 32.3 45.7 66.6