Aviation safety: international cooperation is key© Nevit Dilmen
JRC's tool for aviation accidents reporting recommended worldwide
During their eighth Accident Investigation and Prevention Divisional meeting, held in Montreal at the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) from 13 to 18 October 2008, safety experts from all over the world have put forth a series of recommendations aimed at improving aircraft accident and incident investigations. ECCAIRS, a tool developed by the JRC Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) for collecting, sharing and analyzing aviation safety information, has been recommended for operating occurrence databases in all ICAO's Member States.
ECCAIRS (European Co-ordination Centre for Accident and Incident Reporting Systems) was developed by the IPSC in the framework of the Directive 2003/42/EC on Occurrence Reporting in Civil Aviation, which obliges EU's Member States to collect and exchange the information about these incidents since July 2005.
Since 2004 ECCAIRS has been operated also by ICAO, as the system is fully compatible with ICAO’s ADREP (Accident/Incident Data Reporting) taxonomy. Many non-EU States have consequently adopted ECCAIRS as the national reporting system. A common taxonomy is an indispensable tool to define common safety issues and to avoid misunderstandings in the interpretation of safety data. In this context, ECCAIRS facilitates electronic data exchange and integration among different organizations from different countries, as well as the analysis of safety data originating from a multitude of sources.
Implementing ECCAIRS at an international level will reinforce the ADREP data flow as required by Annex 13 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation and, at a national level, will constitute the first step of the national Safety Programme. It will also increase the cooperation and exchange of information among nations in the interest of aviation safety.