Detection results of potential non-conformities in the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS) (click to enlarge)
Taormina (IT) - 18/11/09 - 20/11/09
Geomatics in support of the Common Agricultural Policy
This week, the 15th GeoCAP Annual Conference is gathering around 350 European experts to discuss the latest innovations in remote sensing technologies and their application for supporting agricultural subsidies controls. Since the introduction of remote sensing controls EU regulations in 1992, satellite images have proved to be an efficient tool to verify that agricultural subsidies are correctly paid to farmers. In 2008, on a total of 8.3 million declarations made by farmers, 629,000 checks were performed on the spot, of which 55% were done using remote sensing imagery. The same figures are expected for 2009. Very High Resolution satellites or aerial orthophotos allow to accurately check the size of the parcel, their cover type and possibly cover status, thus reducing considerably the need of physical checks in the farms and consequently contributing towards a more effective and efficient management of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).
EU Member States must ensure that payments to farmers are carried out and executed correctly to prevent irregularities (over claim or double claims) and possibly recover amounts unduly paid. Therefore, Member States shall have a system to ensure a unique identification of farmers as well as all holding's parcels (the so-called Land Parcel Identification System - LPIS) and of animals. The control of the fulfillment of the criteria to receive subsidies is done through 100% administrative checks and through checks carried out on-the-spot (at least 5% of total number of farmers claiming direct subsidies). On the spot checks are carried out with the help of satellite imagery.
The JRC provides EU Member States with satellite images covering 285 sites in 25 EU countries (except Luxembourg and Finland) with a total area of 175,000 km² (on average 600 km²/site). The JRC also provides a range of technical support services to European Commission's Directorate General Agriculture and Rural development and to Member State administrations, by developing common specifications, standard measurement and data management tools. It validates methods to reinforce the consistency of land parcel identification and measurement across the Union and in Candidate Countries.