The significance of lifelong learning is increasingly recognised© sanja gjenero
ELLI: A sound model to measure lifelong learning in the EU
Scientists at the JRC's Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) have carried out an independent audit of the European Lifelong Learning Indicators (ELLI) Index, a new aggregate measure for the country-level assessment of lifelong learning in the EU Member States. The audit concludes that the ELLI-Index is built according to sound statistical methodology and has the potential to open up ideas and dialogues relating to lifelong and life-wide learning to a wider population within and outside Europe.
The ELLI project is an initiative led by the Bertelsmann Foundation and this index represents a first step towards making lifelong learning more tangible and measurable. The conceptual framework for the ELLI-Index is loosely based on UNESCO's International Commission on Education for the 21st Century and identifies four major dimensions of learning:
- Learning to Know (includes acquisition of knowledge and mastery of learning tools such as concentration, memory and analysis),
- Learning to Do (concerns occupational, hands-on and practical skills),
- Learning to Live Together (concerns learning that strengthens cooperation and social cohesion), and
- Learning to Be (includes the fulfilment of a person, as an individual/member of a family/citizen).
The JRC analysis, which was based on the recommendations of the OECD (2008) Handbook on Composite Indicators, suggests that the 2010 ELLI-Index classification provides a reliable picture of the situation at the national level in the EU and can be used to generate a discussion about what policies contribute to lifelong learning, to study the association between lifelong learning and other concepts, such as competitiveness and innovation, and to provide insight into the nature of relevant policy challenges at the EU scale. Besides some fine-tuning issues which were spotted in the ELLI model, this JRC report shows that the ELLI-Index is built according to a sound statistical methodology, its dimensions are well balanced and country ranking's dependence upon input assumptions do not exhibit any of the pathologies which at times affect composite measures. The main recommendation of this study is that the ELLI-model could be simplified into a classical equal weighting approach model, within and across pillars, without losing any of its quality features.