A scientific review of the research on the safety aspects of the use of refrigerant R1234yf in Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC) systems, published on 7 March by the European Commission, concluded that there is no evidence of a serious risk under normal and foreseeable conditions of use, as outlined by existing legal framework on the general safety of products. The review reinforces the conclusions by the German market surveillance authorities the KBA (Kraftfahrt Bundesamt), which stated that there is no sufficient supporting evidence of a serious risk that would entail the intervention of the authorities.
A new EU regulation on smart tachographs has been approved. These tachographs allow better enforcement of driving and resting times, making fraud more difficult whilst enhancing road safety and reducing the controls burden for compliant road operators. During the past ten years the JRC has been providing its technical expertise for the design and implementation of this device. As a result of its early commitment – in 2004 – it has become responsible for two essential services: the European Root Certification Authority (ERCA) and the Laboratory for Interoperability Certification (IOT).
A series of sustainability measures – if implemented – may reduce urban transport CO2 emissions by up to 8.8% in 2030, according to a report by the JRC. Introducing congestion charging zones, reverting to teleworking and conference calls instead of commuting as well as reallocating road lanes to public transport, are the three measures that top the list of 21. Together, these would account for a reduction of 18.3 million tons of CO2, corresponding to 75,000 flights from London to New York, which is equivalent to 10 years of air traffic for the route.
The JRC has published a report containing a guide and a European harmonised protocol for identifying atmospheric pollution sources using receptor models. This reference document has been compiled in collaboration with European networks of experts in the field of air quality modelling (FAIRMODE) and measurements (AQUILA).
A JRC co-authored article published yesterday in Nature Climate Change investigates the financial risks posed by large-scale floods across the EU. The authors advocate increasing adaptation efforts, which should focus on enhancing flood protection measures and risk financing mechanisms in a harmonised way.
What do improved home gardens in Java and mobile phone ownership have in common? They are both innovations which had a remarkable impact on food and nutritional security (FNS), and are now being studied by the JRC to outline a more resilient global food system.