The EU conducts ‘Visa Liberalisation Dialogues’ with three Eastern Partnership countries, namely Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. Through these dialogues, the EU is taking gradual steps towards the long-term goal of visa-free travel on a case-by-case basis, provided that conditions for well-managed and secure mobility are in place.
These dialogues are built upon ‘Visa Liberalisation Action Plans’ (VLAP), which include four blocks of benchmarks related to document security, including biometrics; border management, migration and asylum; public order and security; and external relations and fundamental rights.
The benchmarks concern both the policy and institutional framework (legislation and planning).
The implementation of the Action Plans is closely monitored by the Commission through regular progress reports, which are transmitted to the European Parliament and the Council, and are publicly accessible. In addition, progress is monitored through regular meetings of senior ranking officials from DG HOME and the partner country.