Eastern partner countries have been among the first to benefit from Mobility Partnerships (MP) which are the most complete framework for bilateral cooperation between the EU and its partner countries, based on mutual offers of commitments and project initiatives covering mobility, migration and asylum issues, within the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM).
Helping citizens to move around Europe in a secure environment is a key component of the Eastern Partnership, which promotes the mobility of the citizens of the EU Eastern partner countries through visa facilitation, and provides rules for managing the return of irregular migrants through readmission agreements.
The EU-Ukraine visa facilitation agreement and readmission agreement entered into force in June 2007. An amended version of the visa facilitation agreement with Ukraine entered into force in July 2013.
The EU and Moldova signed a Mobility Partnership in May 2008 and the EU-Moldova visa facilitation agreement and readmission agreement entered into force in October 2007. An amended version of the visa facilitation agreement with Moldova entered into force in July 2013.
The EU and Armenia signed a Mobility Partnership in 2011. The visa facilitation Agreement was signed in December 2012 and the readmission agreement in April 2013. Both agreements entered into force in January 2014.
The EU and Azerbaijan initialled the readmission agreement in July 2013 and signed the visa facilitation agreement in November 2013. Both agreements entered into force in September 2014. The Mobility Partnership between the EU and Azerbaijan [2 MB] was signed in December 2013.