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Cooperation on Home Affairs is one element of the strategic relationship between the EU and Canada, framed by the 2004 EU-Canada Partnership Agenda  [29 KB]. The fight against terrorism and transnational crime, information exchange for law enforcement purposes, border management, visa and migration policies have been the major areas of collaboration over recent years.

Negotiations of a new bilateral agreement on processing Passenger Name Record (PNR) data are on-going. An operational cooperation agreement is also in force between Canada and Europol. The EU and Canada also cooperate in international fora, notably the United Nations and the G8, on the fight against terrorism and transnational crime and on migration-related issues.

Joint informal EU-Canada Consultations on Immigration and Asylum Issues were established in 2007.
Further to a steep increase in the number of unfounded asylum applications in recent years, including from EU citizens, Canada decided in 2012 to address the issue and adopted a new law, "Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act", in view of preventing abuses of its asylum system in the future. For more information: 

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Related legislation
and documents


Push method

Method of transmission of data whereby, for example, PNR data are transmitted by the carrier to the national ...


Passenger Name Record (PNR)

"A record of each passenger’s travel requirements that contains information necessary to enable reservations to ...


Organised crime

Activities of large-scale criminal and terrorist networks, including terrorism, international drugs trafficking, trafficking ...



The movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border (international migration),...



The action by which a person establishes his or her usual residence in the territory of an EU State for a period ...



A line separating land territory or maritime zones of two States or subparts of States. It can also refer to a region ...


Air carrier

In relation to conveyance, the owner or charterer of the conveyance. A carrier usually refers to an airline, bus or rail ...


Adequacy decision

A decision adopted by the European Commission on the basis of Directive 95/46/EC, which establishes that a ...