Over the last decades, most terrorist attacks were carried out with the help of conventional means, such as firearms and explosives. Nevertheless, there is a possibility that terrorist organisations might eventually turn to unconventional weapons, such as chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear (CBRN) materials, potentially leading to a high number of casualties and causing huge socio-economic damage.
Securing CBRN materials has been part of the Commission's activities since 2006. Following the 2009 final report of the CBRN Task Force, which involved experts from public and private sectors, the Commission presented a Communication on strengthening CBRN security in the EU [54 KB] , including an EU CBRN Action Plan.
The CBRN Action Plan consists of 124 actions. Its main objective is to complement national measures that address existing gaps and promote exchanges of information and best practices. Taking into account the number of actions and the level of ambition of the Action Plan, it will set the political agenda in this field for the next three to five years.
The Action Plan focuses on three main strands:
The implementation of the Action Plan is a key part of the EU Internal Security Strategy in Action. A review of the Action Plan was undertaken in 2012. An overview of its implementation by the Member States and EU bodies is provided in the 2012 Progress Report on the Implementation of the EU CBRN Action Plan [132 KB] . The report also underlined the importance of developing a more strategic and overarching approach to CBRN and explosives (E) policies. In November 2012, draft Council conclusions on the new CBRNE Agenda were adopted and discussions are ongoing in preparation of a document setting out its vision.
In order to assist the Commission in its tasks, a CBRN Advisory Group was established in 2010, with a composition similar to that of the CBRN Task Force. The Advisory Group also meets in sub-groups on B, C and RN related issues respectively. Subgroups and workshops are also set up ad hoc to focus on different topics and themes of interest such a group on developing scenarios, workshop on insider threats, etc. In addition, the Commission has developed an EU CBRN Resilience Programme to improve CBRN work within the framework of the Civil Protection Mechanism. Its objective is to ensure better links between different civil protection activities in the field of CBRN and to tackle identified gaps in a coherent way.
The EU CBRN Action Plan was adopted in December 2009 by the EU Council and aims to strengthen CBRN security throughout the EU. Based on an all-hazard approach, ...
CBRN is an acronym for chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear materials that could harm the society through their accidental or deliberate release, ...
Lays out a European security model that integrates, among others, action on law enforcement and judicial ...
Any portable barrelled weapon that expels, is designed to expel or may be readily converted to expel a shot, bullet ...
Protection of people, their environment, property and cultural heritage in the event of major natural or manmade ...