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Explosives precursors

On 2 September 2014, Regulation (EU) No 98/2013 on the marketing and use of explosives precursors entered into force with a view to enhancing the protection of citizens from the threat of terrorism.

Regulation 98/2013 on explosives precursors

The Regulation (EU) No 98/2013 on the marketing and use of explosives precursors harmonises rules across Europe on the making available, introduction, possession and use, of certain substances or mixtures that could be misused for the illicit manufacture of explosives.

The Regulation restricts the access to, and use of, seven chemical substances by members of the general public ('restricted explosives precursors,' listed in Annex I). Member States may decide to grant access by the public to these substances only through a system of licenses and registration. In addition, the Regulation introduces obligations for economic operators who place such substances on the market. From now on, operators must ensure the appropriate labelling of restricted explosives precursors, and must also report any suspicious transactions involving both the restricted substances and other non-restricted substances which are also considered of concern (eight, listed in Annex II).

Under the Regulation, each Member State is expected to designate a competent authority and adopt its own measures to implement the restrictions and, if it opts to have one, a licensing or registration regime. The competent authority in each Member State is also required to set up its own national contact point(s) for the reporting of suspicious transactions. The Commission is tasked with making the list of measures notified by Member States publicly available and with drawing up guidelines to facilitate the implementation of the Regulation.

The Standing Committee on Precursors (SCP), an expert group chaired by the Commission and composed of representatives of Member States and of industry associations, assists the Commission in its work to facilitate and harmonise the implementation of the Regulation.

Implementation in the EU/EEA Member States

All EU/EEA Member States must adopt measures and designate authorities to implement and enforce the provisions of the Regulation. The following documents are revised regularly on the basis of notifications received from Member States:

More information for some EU/EEA countries is available below:

AustriaPublic overview of measures pdf - 75 KB [75 KB]
Website of the competent authority
Website of the Austrian Economic Chambers
BelgiumWebsite of the competent authority (FR - NL - DE - EN)
Website of the Federation of Enterprises in Belgium (VBO/nlFEB/fr)
BulgariaDecree 283 of 29.12.2015
CroatiaWebsite of the competent authority
CyprusWebsite of the competent authority
Czech RepublicWebsite of the competent authority
DenmarkWebsite of the competent authority
EstoniaWebsite of the competent authority
FinlandWebsite of the competent authority
IrelandWebsite of the competent authority
LithuaniaWebsite of the competent authority
LuxembourgWebsite of the national authority
NetherlandsWebsite of the competent authority
NorwayPublic overview of measures pdf - 86 KB [86 KB]
Regulation 588 of 2 June 2015 pdf - 175 KB [175 KB] (English)
Website of the competent authority
SlovakiaWebsite of the competent authority
SloveniaWebsite of the competent authority
SwedenWebsite of the competent authority
Switzerland [non-EEA]Website of the competent authority (DEFRIT)
United KingdomPublic overview of measures for Great Britain pdf - 24 KB [24 KB]
Public overview of measures for Northern Ireland pdf - 184 KB [184 KB]
Website of the competent authority

Guidance materials

The Standing Committee on Precursors (SCP) has issued a Guidelines document pdf - 772 KB [772 KB] , available in English only, which provides guidance to Member State competent authorities and to economic operators in the implementation of the requirements contained in the Regulation. The SCP Guidelines also offer advice on good practice to economic operators.

In addition, guidance materials for economic operators have been prepared by four partner countries, through a project co-funded by the Prevention of and Fight against Crime (ISEC) programme of DG Migration and Home Affairs:

  • A template leaflet pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] български (bg) čeština (cs) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) hrvatski (hr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) magyar (hu) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) slovenčina (sk) slovenščina (sl) suomi (fi) and a template poster pdf - 196 KB [196 KB] български (bg) čeština (cs) dansk (da) Deutsch (de) eesti keel (et) ελληνικά (el) español (es) français (fr) hrvatski (hr) italiano (it) latviešu valoda (lv) lietuvių kalba (lt) magyar (hu) polski (pl) português (pt) română (ro) slovenčina (sk) slovenščina (sl) suomi (fi) , available in various languages, provide further practical guidance on how to identify suspicious transactions and on what steps to undertake in case of suspicion. Please see the explanatory letter pdf - 272 KB [272 KB] for more information on the application of these materials.
  • The Advice on marketplace sales of explosives precursors and poisons pdf - 250 KB [250 KB] is for companies and individuals who sell reportable products via internet marketplaces to members of the public.

 

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