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Who must apply for a Schengen visa

Short stays

Citizens of certain countries must hold a short stay visa. The EU has a common list of countries whose citizens must have a visa when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement pdf - 106 KB [106 KB] . There are national derogations from the visa requirements excel12book - 148 KB [148 KB] for certain travellers.

Airport transit

Whether you are required to apply for a Schengen airport transit visa or not depends on your nationality.

Citizens of some countries must hold an airport transit visa when transiting through the international parts of airports situated in any of the Schengen States , while citizens of certain countries must hold an airport transit visa when transiting through the international parts of airports situated in some of the Schengen States.

You may be exempt from the airport transit visa requirement, if you:

  • hold a valid visa or residence permit issued by a Schengen state; 
  • hold a visa valid for a Member State of the European Union or the European Economic Area, Canada, Japan or the United States ;
  • hold a valid residence permit issued by a Member State of the European Union or the European Economic Area ;
  • hold a residence permit issued by the Principality of Andorra, Canada, Japan, Republic of San Marino, or the United States, that guarantees unrestricted right of return;
  • are a family member of a citizen of the EU, EEA or Switzerland ;
  • hold a diplomatic passport;
  • are a flight crew member national of a contracting party to the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation.

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