RAN Internal and External dimensions (RAN INT/EXT) focusses on the role of the diaspora in countering radicalisation and on the issue of “foreign fighters”.
The working group aims at raising awareness towards the phenomenon of "foreign fighters" in Europe, at sharing good practices and developing policy prescriptive recommendations in order to prevent people from leaving Europe for crisis zones to receive terrorist training or take an active part in combats.
A significant number of terrorist attacks or attempts in the EU involved radicals who were trained in camps abroad. By identifying and engaging people and groups at the community-level (including spiritual leaders and mass organisations) in Europe and in third countries (internal/external), who have the legitimacy, credibility and expertise necessary, one can marginalize and discredit the narratives associated with violent extremism and generate a positive paradigm, which facilitates social harmony and cohesion within EU members states and abroad.
The tasks of the RAN INT/EXT Working in the coming years are the following:
RAN INT/EXT discussed successful de-radicalisation practices for Foreign Fighters
On 13 April 2015 in Amsterdam (NL), the INT/EXT working group discussed lessons learned for providing the best after-care programmes for different types of returnees: those who return disillusioned, those who return traumatised, those who return further radicalised and the “jihadi brides”. The practitioners present discussed these typologies of returned foreign fighters and focused on what specific de-radicalisation interventions and good practices work for the different groups. Some of the main takeaways were that theological discussion with severely radicalised returnees is counterproductive, and that "Jihadi-brides" are not necessarily always radicalised, but the ideological narrative provides them answers to issues such as seeking a (religious) identity, distorted family relations and/or emancipatory issues.
Working Group leaders: