Please see entry for unaccompanied minor
A Minor who arrives on the territory of the Member States unaccompanied by the adult responsible for them by law or by the practice of the Member State concerned, and for as long as they are not effectively taken into the care of such a person. It includes a minor who is left unaccompanied after they have entered the territory of the Member States.
Synonym(s): UASC, unaccompanied and separated child
Broader Term: separated child
1.There are significant differences between Member States with respect to national definitions and recording practices, for instance with regard to the age limit to be considered and whether or not they are unaccompanied.
2. In some (Member) States, statistics include all those who claim they are unaccompanied minors (i.e. before an age assessment has confirmed this), whereas other (Member) States only count those recognised as such by a competent authority (i.e. following an age assessment).
3. For further information, see EMN: Policies on Reception, Return and Integration Arrangements for, and numbers of, Unaccompanied Minors – an EU comparative study, 2009 [850 KB] . An update for this 2009 study is forthcoming, entitled 'Policies, practices and data on unaccompanied minors in 2014', and will be available on the website of EMN.
Please see entry for irregular migration
An application which the determining authority has established as unfounded because the applicant does not qualify for international protection pursuant to Directive 2011/95/EU.
Broader Term: application for international protection
Member States may also consider an application to be manifestly unfounded because of the existence of circumstances listed in Art. 31(8) of Directive 2013/32/EU (Recast Asylum Procedures Directive) apply.
Please see entry for United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
The preference given by a Member State to workers who are nationals of other Member States over workers who are nationals of third countries in regard to access to their labour market.
Synonym(s): Community preference
Before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the term 'community preference' was the preferred term to use.
Source:Derived by EMN from Act of Accession 2005 (Annexes VI , Art. 14 and VII, Art. 14 to Art. 20) of the Protocol concerning the conditions and arrangements for admission of the Republics of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union
The refugee agency of the United Nations (UN) mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect Refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide, and to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees.
Related Term: Geneva Convention of 1951 and Protocol of 1967, international protection, refugee law
1. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on 14 December 1950 by the UN General Assembly.
2. The Geneva Convention of 1951 is the basic statute guiding the UNHCR's work. The functions of the UNHCR are defined in the Statute of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, which was adopted by the General Assembly on 14 December 1950.
3. For further information, see the website of the UNHCR.
Source:Website of UNHCR
A third-country national who has been admitted to the territory of a Member State for a training period without remuneration in accordance with its national legislation.
Broader Term: trainee
Related Term: remunerated trainee
The place at which a person normally spends the daily period of rest, regardless of temporary absences for purposes of recreation, holiday, visits to friends and relatives, business, medical treatment or religious pilgrimage or, in default, the place of legal or registered residence.
Synonym(s): habitual residence
The number of persons who, on a given reference date, are usually resident in a defined geographical area (e.g. national, regional or local).
Related Term: population stock
1. The 'number of persons' includes both nationals and foreigners (and can include both legally and irregularly residing).
2. In this context, 'usually resident' means the place where a person normally spends the daily period of rest, regardless of temporary absences for purposes of recreation, holidays, visits to friends and relatives, business, medical treatment or religious pilgrimage.
3. The following persons alone shall be considered to be usual residents of the geographical area in question:
Where the circumstances described in point (i) or (ii) cannot be established, ‘usual residence’ shall mean the place of legal or registered residence.