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occupation

AT/DE/LU: Beschäftigung
BG: професия/ занятие
CS: povolání
EE: amet
ES: actividad profesional
FI: ammatti
FR/BE/LU: profession
HU: foglalkozás
IE: gairm bheatha
IT: impiego
LT: profesija
LV: profesija
MT: Impieg / Xogħol / Okkupazzjoni
NL/BE: beroep
NO: yrke
PL: zawód
RO: ocupaţie
SE: sysselsättning; yrke
SI: poklic
SK: povolanie

A set of jobs whose main tasks and duties are characterised by a high degree of similarity.


Related Term: employment, profession

Note:
1. Job, in the context of ISCO-08, is defined as follows: A set of tasks and duties performed or meant to be performed, by one person, including for an employer or in self employment.
2. The ISCO definition is also the one used by employment services (placement agencies).

Source:ILO: ISCO-88, International Standard Classification of Occupations. International Labour Office, Geneva 1990

organised crime

AT/DE/LU: organisierte Kriminalität
BG: организирана престъпност
CS: organizovaný zločin
EE: organiseeritud kuritegevus
ES: delincuencia organizada
FI: järjestäytynyt rikollisuus
FR/BE/LU: crime organisé
HU: szervezett bűnözés
IE: coireacht eagraithe
IT: criminalità organizzata
LT: organizuotas nusikalstamumas
LV: organizētā noziedzība
MT: Kriminalità (Il-) organizzata
NL/BE: georganiseerde misdaad
NO: organisert kriminalitet
PL: zorganizowana przestępczość
RO: crimă organizată
SE: organiserad brottslighet
SI: organizirani kriminal
SK: organizovaný zločin

Large-scale and complex illicit activities carried out by an organised criminal group.


Note:
Such operations are generally carried out with a ruthless disregard of the law, and often involve offences against the person, including threats, intimidation and physical violence.

Source:Derived by EMN from the IOM Glossary on Migration, 2nd ed., 2011

organised criminal group

AT/DE/LU: organisierte kriminelle Gruppe/Vereinigung
BG: организирана престъпна група
CS: skupina organizovaného zločinu
EE: organiseeritud kuritegelik ühendus
ES: grupo delictivo organizado
FI: järjestäytynyt rikollisryhmä
FR/BE/LU: groupe criminel organisé
HU: szervezett bűnözői csoport
IE: buíon choiriúil eagraithe
IT: gruppo di criminalità organizzata
LT: organizuota nusikalstama grupė
LV: organizēta noziedzīga grupa
MT: Grupp kriminali organizzat // Għaqda kriminali organizzata
NL/BE: criminele organisatie
NO: organisert kriminell gruppe
PL: zorganizowana grupa przestępcza
RO: grup/grupare criminal organizat
SE: gruppering för organiserad brottslighet
SI: organizirana kriminalna združba
SK: organizovaná zločinecká skupina

A structured group of three or more persons, existing for a period of time and acting cooperatively with the aim of committing one or more serious crimes or offences.

Source:Art. 2(a) of UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime and the protocols thereto

overstay(er)

AT/DE/LU: Overstayer, rechtswidrige Überschreitung eines befristeten Aufenthalts
BG: престой над разрешения срок
CS: překročení doby povoleného pobytu
EE: lubatud viibimisaja ületa(ja)mine
ES: extranjero en situación irregular sobrevenida
FI: henkilö, joka on jäänyt maahan oleskeluluvan tai viisumin umpeuduttua
FR/BE/LU: personne dépassant la durée de séjour autorisée
GR: ο αλλοδαπός διαμένων πέραν του χρόνου που δικαιούται
HU: túltartózkodó
IE: duine a fhanann thar an téarma údaraithe
IT: overstayer
LT: asmuo, viršijęs teisėto buvimo laiką
LV: persona, kas pārsniedz atļauto uzturēšanās termiņu
MT: Sebq (Sebbieq) il-qgħad // Min jiskorrilu / jiskadilu l-permess (biex) jibqa' // Min itawwal żjara illegalment
NL/BE: overstayer
NO: person hvis oppholdstillatelse er utløpt (b) / person med opphaldsløyve som har gått ut (n)
PL: osoba która utraciła prawo do pobytu
PT: estrangeiro com excesso de permanência
RO: străin cu şedere ilegală (prin depăşirea termenului de şedere conferit de viză sau alt document de şedere)
SE: person vars uppehållstillstånd har gått ut
SI: prekoračitev dovoljenega časa prebivanja / oseba, ki prekorači dovoljeni čas prebivanja v državi
SK: osoba, ktorá prekročila povolenú dobu pobytu

In the global context, a person who remains in a country beyond the period for which entry was granted.

In the EU context, a person who has legally entered but then stayed in an EU Member State beyond the allowed duration of their permitted stay without the appropriate visa (typically 90 days or six months), or of their visa and/or residence permit.


Broader Term: third-country national found to be illegally present

Related Term: irregular migrant, irregular stay

Source: Global context: IOM Glossary on Migration, 2nd ed., 2011
EU context: developed by EMN

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