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Illegal Stay

AT/DE/LU: illegaler Aufenthalt
EE: ebaseaduslik riigis viibimine
ES: situación irregular
FI: laiton oleskelu
FR/BE/LU: séjour irrégulier
GR: παράνομη διαμονή
HU: illegális tartózkodás
IE: cónaí neamhdhleathach
IT: permanenza non autorizzata
LT: neteisėtas buvimas
LV: nelikumīga uzturēšanās
MT: Qagħda / Waqfa / Żjara Illegali
NL/BE: illegaal verblijf
NO: ulovlig opphold
PL: nielegalny pobyt
PT: permanência ilegal
RO: şedere ilegală
SE: olaglig vistelse
SI: nezakonito prebivanje
SK: nelegálny pobyt

The presence on the territory of a Member State, of a third-country national who does not fulfil, or no longer fulfils the conditions of entry as set out in Article 5 of the Schengen Borders Code or other conditions for entry, stay or residence in that Member State.


Related Terms: Overstay(er), Irregular Migrant

Source:Article 3(2) of Directive 2008/115/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
(common standards and procedures in Member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals)

Immigrant

AT/DE/LU: Einwanderer, Zuwanderer, Immigrant
BG: Имигрант
EE: sisserändaja
ES: inmigrante
FI: maahanmuuttaja
FR/BE/LU: immigrant; immigré (LU)
GR: μετανάστης
HU: bevándorló
IE: inimirceach
IT: immigrante
LT: imigrantas
LV: imigrants
MT: Immigrant(a)
NL/BE: immigrant
NO: innvandrer
PL: imigrant
PT: imigrante
RO: imigrant
SE: invandrare
SI: priseljenec/ imigrant
SK: prisťahovalec

In the EU context, a person undertaking an immigration.


Broader Term: Migrant


Related Terms: Emigrant, Long-Term Migrant, Short-Term Migrant

Source:Council Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 (Migration Statistics)

Immigration

AT/DE/LU: Einwanderung, Zuwanderung, Immigration
BG: Имиграция
EE: sisseränne
ES: inmigración
FI: maahanmuutto
FR/BE/LU: immigration
GR: μετανάστευση
HU: bevándorlás
IE: inimirce
IT: immigrazione
LT: imigracija
LV: imigrācija
MT: Immigrazzjoni
NL/BE: immigratie
NO: innvandring
PL: imigracja
PT: imigração
RO: imigraţie
SE: invandring
SI: priseljevanje/ imigracija
SK: prisťahovalectvo

In the EU context, the action by which a person establishes his or her usual residence in the territory of a Member State for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at least twelve months, having previously been usually resident in another Member State or a third country.


Broader Term: Migration

Related Term: Emigration

Source:Council Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 (Migration Statistics)

Immigration (Illegal)

AT/DE/LU: illegale Einwanderung, Immigration, Zuwanderung
EE: ebaseaduslik sisseränne
ES: inmigración irregular
FI: laiton maahanmuutto
FR/BE/LU: immigration illégale
GR: παράνομη μετανάστευση
HU: illegális bevándorlás
IE: inimirce neamhdhleathach
IT: immigrazione non autorizzata
LT: imigracija (nelegali)
LV: nelegālā imigrācija
MT: Immigrazzjoni (Illegali)
NL/BE: illegale immigratie
NO: ulovlig innvandring
PL: nielegalna imigracja
PT: imigração ilegal
RO: imigraţie ilegală
SE: olaglig invandring
SI: nezakonito priseljevanje
SK: nelegálne prisťahovalectvo

The immigration of a person to a new place of residence using irregular or illegal means, without valid documents or carrying false documents.


Synonym: irregular immigration, clandestine immigration, unauthorised immigration


Broader Term: Irregular migration

Related Term: illegal Entry

Note:
Referring to Resolution 1509 (2006) of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, 'illegal' is preferred when referring to a status or process, whereas 'irregular' is preferred when referring to a person.

Source:ILO Thesaurus

Immigration Liaison Officer (ILO)

AT/DE/LU: Verbindungsbeamter für Einwanderungsfragen
BG: Офицер за връзка
EE: sisserände sideohvitser
ES: oficiales de enlace de inmigración
FI: maahanmuuttoalan yhdyshenkilö
FR/BE/LU: officier de liaison « Immigration »
GR: Σύνδεσμος Μετανάστευσης (αξιωματούχος)
HU: bevándorlási összekötő tiszt(viselő)
IE: Oifigeach Idirchaidrimh Inimirce (ILO)
IT: funzionario di collegamento incaricato dell'immigrazione
LT: imigracijos ryšių palaikymo pareigūnas
LV: imigrācijas sadarbības koordinators
MT: Uffiċjal tal-Kollegament Responsabbli għall-Immigrazzjoni (UKRI)
NL/BE: immigratieverbindingsfunctionaris, Syn. immigratieverbindingsambtenaar (in daily practice: ILO)
NO: sambandsmann (migrasjon)
PL: oficer łącznikowy ds. imigracji
PT: Oficial de ligação de imigração
RO: ofiţer de legătură pe probleme de imigraţie (in daily practice ILO)
SE: sambandsmän för invandring
SI: uradnik za zvezo za priseljevanje
SK: styčný dôstojník pre prisťahovalectvo

A representative of one of the Member States, posted abroad by the immigration service or other competent authorities in order to establish and maintain contacts with the authorities of the host country with a view to contributing to the prevention and combating of illegal immigration, the return of irregular migrants and the management of legal migration.


Related Terms: Information and Coordination Network for Member States’ Migration Management Services (ICONet), European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (FRONTEX)

Note:
An amendment to Regulation (EC) 377/2004 modifying its Articles 3, 4 and 6 was adopted as Regulation (EU) No 493/2011 on 5 April 2011, see http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32011R0493:EN:NOT.

Source:Council Regulation (EC) 377/2004 (Immigration Liaison Officer)

Immigration Programme

AT/DE/LU: Einwanderungsprogram
EE: rändetoetusprogramm
ES: programa de inmigración
FI: maahanmuutto-ohjelma
FR/BE/LU: programme d’immigration
GR: μεταναστευτικά προγράμμα
HU: bevándorlási programot
IE: clár inimirce
IT: programma per l'immigrazione
LT: imigracijos programa
LV: imigrācijas programma
MT: Programm ta' Immigrazzjoni
NL/BE: immigratieprogramma
NO: program for innvandring / migrasjonsprogram
PL: program imigracyjne
PT: migração assistida
RO: program de imigraţie
SI: program priseljevanja
SK: program prisťahovalectva

Programme to facilitate migration which is organised or supported with the assistance of a government, governments or an international organisation, as opposed to spontaneous migration, which is unaided.

Source:Derived by EMN

Immigration Quota

AT/DE/LU: Zuwanderungsquote (AT); Einwanderungsquote (DE, LU)
EE: sisserände piirarv
ES: cuota de inmigración
FI: maahanmuuttokiintiö
FR/BE/LU: quota d'immigration
GR: μεταναστευτική αναλογία/μερίδα
HU: bevándorlási kvóta
IE: cuóta inimirce
IT: quota (per immigrati)
LT: imigracijos kvota
LV: imigrācijas kvota
MT: Kwota ta' Immigrazzjoni
NL/BE: immigratiequota
NO: innvandringskvote
PL: kwota imigracyjna
PT: quota de imigração
RO: cotă de imigraţie
SI: kvota priseljevanja
SK: prisťahovalecké kvóty

A quota established for and by the country, normally for the purposes of labour migration, for the entry of immigrants.


Synonym: Contingent Immigration


Related Term: Labour Migration

Note:
In the EU context, such quotas are primarily used for Third-Country Nationals only.

Source:Derived by EMN from definitions for Quota and Immigration.

Informal Economy

AT/DE/LU: informelle Wirtschaft, Schattenwirtschaft
EE: mitteametlik majandus
ES: economía informal
FI: epävirallinen talous / pimeä talous
FR/BE/LU: économie informelle
GR: παραοικονομία
HU: szürke gazdaság
IE: geilleagar neamhfhoirmiúil
IT: economa informale
LT: šešėlinė ekonomika
LV: ēnu ekonomika
MT: Ekonomija Informali
NL/BE: informele economie
NO: uformell økonomi / parallell økonomi
PL: gospodarka nierejestrowana
PT: economia informal
RO: piaţa neagră
SE: informell ekonomi
SI: siva ekonomija
SK: šedá ekonomika

All economic activities by workers and economic units that are – in law or in practice – not covered or insufficiently covered by formal arrangements. Their activities are not included in the law, which means that they are operating outside the formal reach of the law; or they are not covered in practice, which means that – although they are operating within the formal reach of the law, the law is not applied or not enforced; or the law discourages compliance because it is inappropriate, burdensome, or imposes excessive costs.


Synonyms: Black Market, Clandestine Employment

Source:ILO Bureau of Library and Information Services

Information and Coordination Network for Member States’ Migration Management Services (ICONet)

AT/DE/LU: Informations- und Koordinierungsnetz für die Migrationsbehörden der Mitgliedstaaten (ICONet)
EE: ICONet
ES: ICONet
FI: verkkoteknologiaan perustuva suojattu tieto- ja koordinointiverkosto maahanmuuton hallinnasta vastaavia jäsenvaltioiden viranomaisia varten (ICONet)
FR/BE/LU: Réseau d'information et de coordination sécurisé connecté à l'internet pour les services des États membres chargés de la gestion des flux migratoires (ICONET)
GR: Δίκτυο Άτυπων Επαγγελματικών Προσόντων
HU: a tagállamok migrációkezelési szolgálatainak információs és koordinációs hálózata
IE: ICONet
IT: Rete di Informazione e Coordinamento per i Servizi di Gestione dell'Immigrazione degli Stati Membri (ICONet)
LT: Informacijos ir koordinavimo tinklas, skirtas valstybių narių migracijos valdymo tarnyboms (ICONet)
LV: Informācijas un koordinācijas tīkls dalībvalstu migrācijas pārvaldes dienestiem
MT: Netwerk ta' Informazzjoni u Koordinazzjoni għas-Servizzi dwar Ġestjoni ta' Migrazzjoni fl-Istati Membri (ICONet)
NL/BE: ICONet
NO: ICONet
PL: ICONet
PT: ICONet
RO: Reţeaua de informare şi coordonare a serviciilor de management al migraţiei din statele membre (ICONet)
SE: Iconet
SI: ICONet
SK: Informačná a koordinačná sieť úradov členských krajín pre riadenie migrácie (ICONet)

A secure web-based Information and Coordination Network for the exchange of information on irregular migration, illegal entryand immigrationand the returnof illegal residents. The elements for information exchange shall include at least the following: (a) early warning system on illegal immigrationand facilitator networks; (b) network of immigration liaison officers; (c) information on the use of visas, borders and travel documents in relation to illegal immigration; and (d) return-related issues.


Related Terms: European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (FRONTEX), Immigration Liaison Officer, Mutual Information Mechanism

Source:Council Decision 2005/267/EC

Integration

AT/DE/LU: Integration
DK: integrering/integration
EE: integratsioon/lõimumine
ES: integración
FI: kotouttaminen
FR/BE/LU: intégration
GR: ένταξη
HU: integráció
IE: imeascadh
IT: integrazione
LT: integracija
LV: integrācija
MT: Integrazzjoni
NL/BE: integratie
NO: integrering
PL: integracja
PT: integração
RO: integrare
SE: integration
SI: integracija
SK: integrácia

In the EU context, a dynamic, two-way process of mutual accommodation by all immigrants and residents of Member States.


Related Terms: Common Basic Principles, Handbook on Integration, Host Country, Host Society, European Web Site on Integration, National Contact Points on Integration, Reintegration

Notes:
1. The promotion of fundamental rights, non discrimination and equal opportunities for all are key integration issues.
2. At EU level, integration policy is developed within the framework of Common Basic Principles - CBP (of which the broad definition above is the first one).
3. More recently, in July 2011, the European Commission published its European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals (COM(2011) 455).
4. Article 79(4) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union gives the legal base for Union activities on integration.

Source:COM(2005) 389 final

Intergovernmental Consultations on Migration, Asylum and Refugees (IGC)

AT/DE/LU: Zwischenstaatliche Beratungen über Migration, Asyl und Flüchtlinge
ES: IGC
FI: IGC (Euroopan, Pohjois-Amerikan ja Australian turvapaikka-, pakolais- ja siirtolaispolitiikkoja käsittelevät hallitustenväliset neuvottelut)
FR/BE/LU: Consultations intergouvernementales sur les politiques d'asile, de réfugiés et de migrations (IGC)
HU: Kormányközi Tanácskozás/Együttműködés a Migrációról és a Menekültügyről /
IE: Comhairliúcháin Idir-Rialtasacha um Imirce, Thearmann agus Dhídeanaithe (CIR)
IT: Consultazioni Inter-Governative in materia di Immigrazione, Asilo e Rifugiati (IGC)
LT: tarpvyriausybinės konsultacijos migracijos, prieglobsčio ir pabėgėlių klausimais
LV: Starpvaldību konsultācijas par migrācijas, patvēruma un bēgļu jautājumiem
MT: Konsultazzjonijiet Intergovernattivi fuq Migrazzjoni, Ażil u Rifuġjati
NL/BE: IGC (BE Synonym: Intergouvernementeel Overleg over migratie, asiel en vluchtelingen (IGC).
NO: IGC
PL: miedzyrządowe konsultacje nt. migracji, azylu i uchodźców (IGC)
PT: consultas intergovernamentais sobre migrações, asilo e refugiados (IGC)
RO: Consultări interministeriale cu privire la migraţie, azil şi refugiaţi (IGC)
SE: IGC (Intergovernmental Consultations on Migration, Asylum and Refugees)
SK: Medzivládne konzultácie o migrácii, azyle a utečencoch (IGC)

An informal, non-decision making forum for intergovernmental information exchange and policy debate on issues of relevance to the management of international migratory flows. The IGC brings together the Participating States, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the International Organization for Migration and the European Commission.


Related Term: General Directors’ of Immigration Services Conference (GDISC)

Note:
In December 2011, the Participating States were Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and United States of America.

Source:www.igc.ch

Intra-Corporate Transferee

AT/DE/LU: innerbetrieblich versetzte Person
EE: ettevõttesiseselt lähetatud töötaja
ES: trabajador transnacional
FI: yrityksen sisäisen siirron saanut työntekija / yrityksen tilapäisesti toiseen maahan lähettämä työntekijä
FR/BE/LU: personne transférée temporairement par sa societé
GR: ενδο-επιχειρησιακή
HU: vállalaton belül áthelyezett személy
IE: aistrí inchorparáideach
IT: lavoratore straniero distaccato (persona trasferita all'interno della stessa società in un altro paese)
LT: bendrovės viduje perkeltas asmuo
LV: uzņēmuma iekšienē nosūtīts darbinieks
MT: Ħaddiem trasferit minn post għal ieħor tal-istess kumpanija / Trasferiment Intra-Korporattiv ta' Ħaddiem
NL/BE: (binnen een bedrijf) gedetacheerde werknemer (NL Syn.: Intra-Corporate Transferee)
NO: utstasjonert arbeidstaker
PL: transfery wewnatrzkorporacyjne
PT: pessoas transferidas temporariamente pela empresa
RO: transferat intra-corporaţie
SE: personer som tillfälligt överförs av sitt företag
SK: pracovník preložený v rámci spoločnosti

A natural person working within a legal person, other than a non-profit making organization, established in the territory of a WTO member, and being temporarily transferred in the context of the provision of a service through commercial presence in the territory of a Member State of the EU; the legal persons concerned must have their principal place of business in the territory of a World Trade Organisation member other than the EU and its Member States and the transfer must be to an establishment (office, branch or subsidiary) of that legal person, effectively providing like services in the territory of a Member State to which the EU Treaty applies.


Notes:
1. In the Proposal for a Directive on conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals in the framework of an intra-corporate transfer (COM(2010) 378), it is proposed to define an "intra-corporate transferee" as "any third-country national subject to a temporary secondment from an undertaking established outside the territory of a Member State and to which the third-country national is bound by a work contract, to an entity belonging to the undertaking or to the same group of undertakings which is established inside this territory."
2. In December 2011, the proposal was still under negotiation and thus this definition was not finalised.
3. Subject to an adoption of this Directive, the definition given in the Directive will then be used.

Source:Council Resolution of 20 June 1994 on limitation on admission of third-country nationals to the territory of the Member States for employment.

Ius sanguinis

AT/DE/LU: Abstammungsprinzip, Ius sanguinis
EE: vereõigus
ES: ius sanguinis
FI: periytymisperiaate
FR/BE/LU: droit du sang
GR: αρχή του αίματος; ius sanguinis
HU: ius sanguinis (vér szerinti leszármazás elve)
IE: ius sanguinis
IT: ius sanguinis
LT: kraujo teisė
LV: Ius sanguinis
MT: Ius sanguinis
NL/BE: ius sanguinis / jus sanguinis
NO: jus sanguinis / nedstammingsprinsippet
PL: prawo krwi
PT: ius sanguinis
RO: ius sanguinis/ legea sângelui
SE: ius sanguinis
SI: ius sanguinis (po rodu)
SK: právo krvi/ius sanguinis

The determination of a person's nationality on the basis of the nationality of his or her parents (or one parent or one particular parent) at the time of the target person's birth and at the time of acquisition of nationality by the target person (the two points in time are different in cases of acquisition after birth).


Synonym: jus sanguinis


Related Terms: Acquisition of Citizenship, ius soli

Source:European Union Democracy Observatory (EUDO) Glossary

Ius soli

AT/DE/LU: Territorialprinzip, Ius soli, Geburtslandprinzip
EE: sünnikohaõigus
ES: ius soli
FI: syntymäperiaate
FR/BE/LU: droit du sol
GR: αρχή του εδάφους; ius soli
HU: ius soli ( területi elv)
IE: ius soli
IT: ius soli
LT: žemės teisė
LV: Ius soli
MT: Ius soli
NL/BE: ius soli / jus soli
NO: jus soli / territorialprinsippet
PL: prawo ziemii
PT: ius soli
RO: ius soli/ legea locului
SE: ius soli
SI: ius soli (načelo teritorialnosti)
SK: právo zeme /ius soli

The principle that the nationality of a person is determined on the basis of his or her country of birth.


Synonym: jus soli


Related Terms: Acquisition of Citizenship, ius sanguinis

Source:European Union Democracy Observatory (EUDO) Glossary