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Family (Nuclear)

AT/DE/LU: Kernfamilie
EE: tuumperekond
ES: familia nuclear
FI: ydinperhe
FR/BE/LU: famille nucléaire
GR: πυρήνας Οικογένειας
HU: nukleáris család
IE: teaghlach núicléach
IT: nucleo familiare
LT: šeima (branduolinė)
LV: nukleārā ģimene
MT: Familja Nukleari
NL/BE: kerngezin
NO: kjernefamilie
PL: rodzina nuklearna
PT: núcleo familiar
RO: familie nucleară
SE: kärnfamilj
SI: nuklearna družina / jedrna družina
SK: užšia rodina

The spouse and the minor children of a family.


Related Terms: Family Formation, Family Reunification, Family Member

Note:
This definition refers specifically in the context of Family Reunification only.

Source:Council Directive 2003/86/EC (Recital (9))

Family Formation

AT/DE/LU: Familienbildung
ES: No translation
FI: perheen muodostaminen
FR/BE/LU: constitution de famille
GR: No translation
HU: No usual translation, covered by family reunification = családegyesítés
IE: foirmiú teaghlaigh
IT: formazione familiare
LT: šeimos kūrimas
LV: ģimenes apvienošana
MT: Formazzjoni / Twaqqif ta' Familja
NL/BE: gezinsvorming
NO: familieetablering
PL: formowanie rodziny
PT: reagrupamento familiar
RO: reîntregirea familiei
SE: familjebildning
SI: formiranje družine
SK: zlúčenie rodiny

The entry into and residence in a Member State of a third-country national on the basis of the establishment of a family relationship either (a) AFTER their third-country national sponsor has gained legal residence in a Member State; or (b) with an EU national.


Broader Term: Family Reunification

Related Terms: Chain Migration, Family Migration, Nuclear Family, Right to Family Life, Right to Family Unity

Notes:
1. This term is specific to some Member States, particularly BE, NL, SE. In UK, this relates to formation of family between a UK national and Third-Country National only.
2. In other Member States, this is covered under family reunification.

Source:Derived by EMN

Family Life (Right to)

AT/DE/LU: Recht auf Familienleben
EE: õigus perekonnaelule
ES: derecho a la vida en familia
FI: oikeus perhe-elämään
FR/BE/LU: droit à la vie familiale
GR: δικαιωμα στην οικογενειακή ζωή
HU: családi élethez való jog
IE: ceart chun saol teaghlaigh
IT: diritto alla vita familiare
LT: teisė į šeimos gyvenimą
LV: tiesības uz ģimenes dzīvi
MT: Dritt għal Ħajja f’ Familja
NL/BE: recht op eerbiediging van familie- en gezinsleven (Syn : recht op familie- en gezinsleven)
NO: rett til familieliv
PL: prawo do utrzymania jedności rodziny
PT: direito à unidade familiar
RO: dreptul la viaţă de familie
SE: rätt till familjeliv
SI: pravica do enotnosti družine
SK: právo na rodinný život

A principle enshrined in Articles 7, 9 and 33 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR).


Narrower Term: Right to Family Unity

Related Terms: Chain Migration, Family Formation, Family Reunification, Family Migration

Note:
There is a distinction from the Right to Family Unity. The Right to Family Life is a fundamental right enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. The Right to Family Unity relates more to the purpose and procedural aspects of entry and stay for the purpose of reuniting a family.

Source:Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

Family Member

AT/DE/LU: Familienangehöriger
BG: Член на семейството
CZ: rodinní příslušníci
DK: familiemedlem
EE: perekonnaliige
ES: miembro de la familia
FI: perheenjäsen
FR/BE/LU: membre de la famille
GR: μέλος οικογένειας
HU: családtag
IE: ball de theaghlach
IT: componente familiare
LT: šeimos narys
LV: ģimenes loceklis
MT: Membru tal-Familja
NL/BE: gezinslid
NO: familiemedlem
PL: członkowie rodziny
PT: membros da familia
RO: membru de familie
SE: familjemedlem
SI: družinski član
SK: rodinný príslušník

Generally, persons married to a migrant, or having a relationship legally recognised as equivalent to marriage, as well as their dependent children and other dependants who are recognised as members of the family by applicable legislation.


In the context of the Family Reunification Directive 2003/86/EC (and 2003/109/EC, Long-Term Residents), a third-country national, as specified in Article 4 of said Directive and in accordance with the transposition of this Article 4 into national law in the Member State concerned, who has entered the EU for the purpose of Family Reunification.


In the context of the Free Movement Directive (2004/38/EC):
(a) the spouse;
(b) the partner with whom the Union citizen has contracted a registered partnership, on the basis of the legislation of a Member State, if the legislation of the host Member State treats registered partnerships as equivalent to marriage and in accordance with the conditions laid down in the relevant legislation of the host Member State;
(c) the direct descendants who are under the age of 21 or are dependants and those of the spouse or partner as defined in point (b);
(d) the dependent direct relatives in the ascending line and those of the spouse or partner as defined in point (b).


In the context of Asylum, and in particular Council Regulation (EC) 343/2003 (Determining responsible Member State for Asylum claim), this means insofar as the family already existed in the country of origin, the following members of the applicant's family who are present in the territory of the Member States:
(i) the spouse of the asylum seeker or his or her unmarried partner in a stable relationship, where the legislation or practice of the Member State concerned treats unmarried couples in a way comparable to married couples under its law relating to aliens;
(ii) the minor children of couples referred to in point (i) or of the applicant, on condition that they are unmarried and dependent and regardless of whether they were born in or out of wedlock or adopted as defined under the national law;
(iii) the father, mother or guardian when the applicant or refugee is a minor and unmarried.


Related Terms: Dependant, Sponsor

Source:Derived by EMN from International Convention on the Protection of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, 1990

Council Directive 2003/86/EC

Council Directive 2004/38/EC

Council Regulation (EC) 343/2003

Family Reunification

AT/DE/LU: Familienzusammenführung
BG: Събиране на семейството
DK: familiesammenføring
EE: perekonna taasühinemine
ES: reagrupación familiar
FI: perheenyhdistäminen
FR/BE/LU: regroupement familial
GR: οικογενειακή επανένωση
HU: családegyesítés
IE: athaontú teaghlaigh
IT: ricongiungimento familiare
LT: šeimos susijungimas
LV: ģimenes atkalapvienošanās
MT: Riunifikazzjoni tal-Familja
NL/BE: gezinshereniging
NO: familiegjenforening
PL: łączenie rodzin
PT: reagrupamento familiar
RO: reîntregirea familiei, reunificarea familiei
SE: familjeåterförening
SI: združevanje družine
SK: zlúčenie rodiny

The establishment of a family relationship which is either:


(a) the entry into and residence in a Member State, in accordance with Council Directive 2003/86/EC, by family members of a third-country national residing lawfully in that Member State ("sponsor") in order to preserve the family unit, whether the family relationship arose before or after the entry of the sponsor; or


(b) between an EU national and third-country national established outside the EU who then subsequently enters the EU.


Synonym: Family Reunion


Broader Term: Right to Family Unity

Narrower Term: Family Formation

Related Terms: Chain Migration, Family Migration, Nuclear Family, Right to Family Life

Notes:
1. In October 2008, a report on the application of the Family Reunification Directive was published (COM(2008) 610).
2. In November 2011, a Green Paper on the Family Reunification Directive was published for a public consultation (COM(2011) 735).

Source:Council Directive 2003/86/EC for part (a), part (b) EMN derived definition

Family Unity (Right to)

AT/DE/LU: Recht auf Familieneinheit, Recht auf Wahrung des Familienverbandes
EE: õigus perekonna ühtsusele
ES: derecho a la unidad de la familia
FI: oikeus perheen yhtenäisyyteen
FR/BE/LU: droit à l`unité familiale
GR: δικαίωμα στην οικογενειακή ενότητα
HU: család egységéhez való jog
IE: ceart chun aontacht teaghlaigh
IT: diritto all'unità familiare
LT: teisė į šeimos vientisumą
LV: tiesības uz ģimenes vienotību
MT: Dritt għall-Għaqda / Unità tal-Familja
NL/BE: recht op instandhouding van het gezin (Syn. recht op eenheid van het gezin)
NO: rett til familiens enhet/samling
PL: prawo do jedności rodziny
PT: direito à unidade familiar
RO: dreptul la unitatea familiei
SI: pravica do enotne družine
SK: právo na jednotu rodiny

In the context of a Refugee, a right provisioned in Article 23 of Council Directive 2004/83/EC and in Article 8 of Council Directive 2003/9/EC obliging Member States to ensure that family unity can be maintained.


Synonym: Family Unity Principle


Broader Term: Right to Family Life

Narrower Term: Family Reunification

Related Terms: Chain Migration, Family Formation, Family Migration

Note:
There is a distinction from the Right to Family Life. The Right to Family Unity relates more to the purpose and procedural aspects of entry and stay for the purpose of reuniting a family, in order to meet the fundamental right enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

Source:Council Directive 2004/83/EC (Article 23)
Council Directive 2003/9/EC (Article 8)

Final Decision

AT/DE/LU: rechtskräftige Entscheidung
CZ: konečné rozhodnutí
DK: en endelig beslutning
EE: lõplik otsus
ES: resolución definitiva
FI: lainvoimainen päätös
FR/BE/LU: décision finale
GR: οριστική απόφαση
HU: jogerős határozat
IE: cinneadh críochnaitheach
IT: decisione definitiva
LT: galutinis sprendimas
LV: galīgais lēmums
MT: Deċiżjoni Finali
NL/BE: onherroepelijke beslissing
NO: endelig vedtak / endelig beslutning
PL: ostateczna decyzja
PT: decisão final
RO: decizie finală
SE: slutligt beslut
SI: pravnomočna odločitev
SK: právoplatné rozhodnutie

A decision on whether the third-country national or stateless person be granted refugee status by virtue of Directive 2004/83/EC and which is no longer subject to a remedy within the framework of Chapter V of this Directive irrespective of whether such remedy has the effect of allowing applicants to remain in the Member States concerned pending its outcome, subject to Annex III to this Directive.

Source:Council Directive 2005/85/EC

5+5 Dialogue on Migration in the Western Mediterranean

AT/DE/LU: 5+5 Dialog über Migration im Westlichen Mittelmeerraum
ES: Diálogo 5+5 sobre migración en el Mediterráneo Occidental
FI: 5+5-vuoropuhelu Välimeren länsiosan maiden välillä
FR/BE/LU: Dialogue 5+5 sur la migration en Méditerranée Occidentale
HU: 5+5 Nyugat- Mediterrán Migrációs Párbeszéd
IE: Idirphlé 5+5 maidir leis an Imirce i réigiún na Meánmhara Thiar
IT: Dialogo 5 +5 sulle Migrazioni nel Mediterraneo Occidentale
LV: 5 + 5 Vidusjūras rietumu valstu dialogs par migrāciju
MT: Djalogu 5+5 fuq il-Migrazzjoni fil-Punent tal-Mediterran
NL/BE: 5 + 5 dialoog over migratie in het Westelijke Middellandsezeegebied
NO: 5 + 5 dialog om migrasjon i det vestre Middelhavet
PL: 5+5 dialog na rzecz migracji w zachodniej części Morza Śródziemnego
PT: diálogo 5+5 para o Mediterrâneo ocidental
SK: 5+5 dialóg o migrácii v západnom Stredomorí

A forum [involving 10 partners, 5 from Maghreb (Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia) and 5 from EU Member States (France, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain) and facilitated by the IOM], whose purpose is for information exchange, joint management of international borders, agreed forms of labour migration, migration for development, and protection of the rights of migrants in the Western Mediterranean region.


Related Term: Global Approach to Migration

Source:IOM 5 + 5 Dialogue website

Foreign Population of a Country

AT/DE/LU: ausländische Bevölkerung eines Landes
EE: välispäritolu rahvastik
ES: población extranjera
FI: maan ulkomainen väestö
FR/BE/LU: population étrangère d'un pays
GR: αλλοδαπός πληθυσμός
HU: egy ország külföldi népessége
IE: daonra eachtrannach tíre
IT: popolazione straniera di un paese
LT: šalyje gyvenantys užsieniečiai
LV: ārvalstnieki
MT: Popolazzjoni Barranija ta' Pajjiż
NL/BE: bevolking van buitenlandse nationaliteit (stock)
NO: et lands utenlandske befolkning / den utenlandske befolkningen i et land
PL: populacja cudzoziemców z kraju
PT: população estrangeira
RO: populaţie străină
SE: utländska medborgare
SI: tuje prebivalstvo v državi
SK: cudzinci v krajine

All persons who have that country as country of usual residence and who are citizens of another country.


Synonym: Foreign Stock

Related Terms: Migrant Stock, Immigrant Population

Source:OECD Glossary of Statistical Terms

Foreigner

AT/DE/LU: Ausländer, Fremder
EE: välismaalane
ES: extranjero
FI: ulkomaalainen
FR/BE/LU: étranger
GR: ξένος; αλλοδαπός
HU: külföldi
IE: eachtrannach
IT: straniero
LT: užsienietis
LV: ārzemnieks
MT: Barrani(ja) / Stranġier(a)
NL/BE: buitenlander
NO: utlending
PL: obcokrajowiec/cudzoziemiec
PT: estrangeiro
RO: străin
SE: utlänning
SI: tujec
SK: cudzinec

See Alien

Source:

Free Movement

AT/DE/LU: freier Personenverkehr, Freizügigkeit
BG: Свободно движение
EE: vaba liikumine
ES: libre circulación
FI: vapaa liikkuvuus
FR/BE/LU: libre circulation
GR: ελεύθερη κυκλοφορία
HU: szabad mozgás
IE: saorghluaiseacht
IT: libera circolazione
LT: laisvas judėjimas
LV: brīva pārvietošanās
MT: Libertà tal-Moviment / Merħ Ħieles
NL/BE: vrij verkeer
NO: fri bevegelighet
PL: swobodny przepływ
PT: livre circulação
RO: liberă circulaţie
SE: fri rörlighet
SI: svobodno gibanje
SK: voľný pohyb

Persons (EU nationals or third-country nationals who have the right to) undertaking their right to freedom of movement by moving from one Member State to another EU Member State, often to take up employment.


Synonyms: EU mobility, Inter-/Intra-EU migration

Source:Derived by EMN from Freedom of Movement (Right to)

Freedom of Movement (Right to)

AT/DE/LU: Recht auf Freizügigkeit
EE: õigus vabalt liikuda
ES: derecho a la libre circulación
FI: oikeus vapaaseen liikkuvuuteen
FR/BE/LU: droit à la libre circulation
GR: δικαίωμα στην ελεύθερη κυκλοφορία
HU: szabad mozgás joga / szabad mozgáshoz való jog
IE: ceart chun saoirse ghluaiseachta
IT: diritto alla libera circolazione
LT: teisė laisvai judėti
LV: tiesības brīvi pārvietoties
MT: Dritt għall-Merħ Ħieles / għal-Libertà tal-Moviment
NL/BE: recht op vrij verkeer
NO: rett til fri bevegelighet
PL: prawo do swobodnego przepływu
PT: liberdade de circulação
RO: dreptul la liberă circulaţie
SE: rätt till fri rörlighet
SI: pravica do svobode gibanja
SK: právo na slobodu pohybu

A fundamental right of every citizen of an EU Member State or another European Economic Area (EEA) State or Switzerland to freely move, reside and work within the territory of these States.


Notes:
1. This is a fundamental right enshrined in Article 45 of the Charter of Fundametnal Rights of the European Union.
2. Whilst initially one of the founding rights in the establishment of the European Union, it has also been extended, via various acquis and agreements (e.g see Protocol 19 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU), to other EEA states (i.e. Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway) plus Switzerland and certain categories of third-country nationals (as outlined in Notes 4. and 5. below).
3. Some Member States have applied transitional arrangements that currently restrict freedom of movement of workers/(citizens) of EU-2 Member States (see http://ec.europa.eu).
4. Whilst third-country nationals have the right to travel freely within the Schengen area, taking up residence in another Member State is covered by specific legal instruments, detailed below.
5. Third-country nationals may take up residence in another Member State depending on their status and subject to the necessary conditions being met. For third-country nationals who are long-term legal residents in an EU Member State, this is covered by Chapter III of Council Directive 2003/109/EC, whilst for third-country nationals with highly qualified employment, this is covered by Article 18 of Council Directive 2009/50/EC.

Source:Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Title IV)