Following the MIPMaDe project, intelligent dynamic tools are now in place to assess the vulnerability of critical infrastructures towards explosions. They can determine whether a passive or active protection system is necessary.
|Total budget||€738 718|
|Project Coordinator||ISDEFE - Systems Engineering for the Defence of Spain (Spain)|
The latest trend in terrorist attacks involves the use of new explosives and new attacking strategies. Tools are already able to evaluate how a conventional structure might behave and sustain damage as a result of an explosion. What is missing are intelligent dynamic tools, able to assess the vulnerability of critical infrastructures; tools that can also help determine the most appropriate materials to design physical protection barriers. The MIPMaDe project responded to this need, developing new, intelligent and dynamic tools.
Such tools will help identify the vital areas of the critical infrastructures and assess whether a passive protection system (armour physical barrier systems, composed of new materials) or an active protection system (sensor networks, video surveillance and alarm systems) is required. Increased security of critical infrastructures against terrorist bomb threats requires new simulation tools that can help to design (or re-design) the building’s structures so that any damage is minimised.
Analysis of computer simulations and of the active and passive protection systems gave rise to two important results.
Firstly, the MIPMaDe project introduced the new concept of 'protection barriers for persons in the queue’ in the Security Screening Checkpoints (SSCP). This is a passive protection system, based on materials that aim to minimise the number of victims in small-scale explosions where flying debris and secondary fragments are the main cause of injury and death.
Secondly, the MIPMaDe project used piezoelectric sensors to develop a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system. This improves the safety and reliability of infrastructure systems by detecting damage before it reaches a critical state as well as allowing rapid post-event assessment.