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Reintegration in countries of origin

Reintegration assistance was provided to migrants voluntarily leaving Lithuania to return to their countries of origin.

Project dates 01/07/2010 - 30/06/2011
Total budget€38 037
EU contribution75%
Name of the entity managing the projectInternational Organization for Migration (IOM)

Project Description

Due in large part to its geographic location, Lithuania is still primarily a country of transit, rather than destination, for migrants. The availability of reintegration assistance, which facilitates the voluntary return of stranded migrants, is therefore particularly important. Action in Lithuania also helps to address the issue of irregular migration to other EU member states via Lithuania.

This project aimed to further develop the reintegration element of Lithuania’s assisted voluntary return programme. By helping returnees reintegrate and re-establish themselves in their countries of origin, the project was able to ensure the sustainability of the return process. The IOM made certain the reintegration assistance was tailored to the individual involved and his or her specific needs.

Benefits and results

During the one-year project, six persons received assistance after voluntarily returning to their countries of origin – four Georgian and two Iraqi citizens. This assistance primarily targeted income-generating activities to ensure the sustainability of the return. In Georgia, two of the returnees were provided with tools for working in the construction sector, one returnee received several cows to enable him to start producing cheese, and another returnee received a grant to open a clothing shop. Similarly in Iraq, a family received reintegration assistance to enable them to open a small electrical appliance shop.

As part of the project, two pilot reintegration cases in Moldova and Azerbaijan were monitored and an evaluation report outlined guidelines for further enhancement of reintegration methods and procedures. An international seminar on best practices in the reintegration field was organised with speakers from IOM missions in Lithuania, Italy and Iraq.

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