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Glossary

Verification

The process of comparison of sets of data to establish the validity of a claimed identity (one-to-one check).

Source: Regulation (EC) No 767/2008

Visa (long stay)

Visa issued under national legislation allowing for stays beyond 90 days in an EU State. Holders of a national long stay visa also have the right to circulated within the territory of the EU States for 90 days per 180 days period.

Source: Regulation (EC) No 810/2009

Visa (short stay) (Schengen visa)

An authorisation issued by a Schengen State with a view to:

  • transit through or an intended stay in the territory of the Schengen States of a duration of no more than 90 days in any 180 days period,
  • transit through the international transit areas of airports of the Schengen States.

Source: Regulation (EC) No 810/2009

Visa with limited territorial validity

A visa valid for the territory of one or more Schengen States but not all Schengen States.

Source: Regulation (EC) No 810/2009

Visa Information System (VIS)

A system for the exchange of visa data between Schengen States, which enables authorised national authorities to enter and update visa data and to consult these data electronically.

Source: Regulation (EC) No 767/2008

Visa facilitation agreement

Agreements between the EU and a non-EU country that facilitate the issuance by an EU State of authorisations to the citizens of that non-EU country for transiting through or an intended stay in the territory of EU States of a duration of no more than three months in any six-month period from the date of first entry into the territory of the EU States.

Source: EU-Georgia visa facilitation agreement

Visa reciprocity mechanism

A mechanism regulated by Regulation 1289/2013 amending Regulation 539/2001 that aims at establishing, through appropriate measures, reciprocity towards non-EU countries still requiring a visa from citizens of certain EU States for stays of less than 90 days, while the EU does not apply such visa requirements towards the citizens of those non-EU countries. Regulation 1289/2013 allows the visa requirement to be provisionally introduced vis-à-vis the non-EU countries concerned.

Source: Regulation (EU) No 1289/2013

Visa sticker

The uniform format for visas as defined by Regulation 1683/95.

Source: Regulation (EC) No 810/2009

Visa suspension mechanism

A mechanism established by Regulation 1289/2013 amending Regulation 539/2001 that aims at ensuring that visa-free travel with non-EU countries is not abused. The mechanism allows, under strict conditions and after thorough assessment by the European Commission, for the temporary reintroduction of visa requirements for citizens of non-EU countries when there is an emergency situation caused by the abuse of the visa-free regime by nationals of countries exempted from the visa obligation.

Source: Regulation (EU) No 1289/2013

Visa waiver agreement

Agreements between the EU and a non-EU country that provide for visa-free travel for their citizens when travelling to the territory of the other Contracting Party for a maximum period of three months during a six months period.

Source: EU-Bahamas short-stay visa waiver agreement

Voluntary return

The assisted or independent return to the country of origin, transit or third country based on the free will of the returnee.

Source: International Organization for Migration

Vulnerable person

Minors, unaccompanied minors, disabled people, elderly people, pregnant women, single parents with minor children and persons who have been subjected to torture, rape or other serious forms of psychological, physical or sexual violence, victims of trafficking.

Source: Council Directive 2003/9/EC

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