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Glossary

Technical equipment pool (TEP)

Centralised records of available technical equipment. Based on the FRONTEX Regulation, the Agency shall set up and keep centralised records of equipment in a technical equipment pool composed of equipment owned either by EU States or by the Agency and equipment co-owned by EU States and the Agency for external border control purposes.

Source: Regulation (EU) No 1168/2011

Telecommunications data

Personal data processed in connection with the provision of electronic communications services.

Source: Directive 2002/58/EC

Temporary protection

A procedure of exceptional character to provide, in the event of a mass influx or imminent mass influx of displaced persons from non-EU countries who are unable to return to their country of origin, immediate and temporary protection to such persons, in particular if there is also a risk that the asylum system will be unable to process this influx without adverse effects for its efficient operation, in the interests of the persons concerned and other persons requesting protection.

Source: Council Directive 2001/55/EC

Terrorism

In the absence of a generally accepted definition under international law, “terrorism” can be defined as the intentional and systematic use of actions designed to provoke terror in the public as a means to certain ends. Terrorism can be the act of an individual or a group of individuals acting in their individual capacity or with the support of a State. It may also be the act of a State, whether against the population (human rights violations such as forced labour, deportation, genocide, etc.), or in the context of an international armed conflict against the civil population of the enemy State.

Source: International Organization for Migration

Terrorist Finance Tracking Programme (TFTP)

A United States government program to access the SWIFT transaction database, revealed by The New York Times in June 2006. Based in Belgium, SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) establishes common standards for financial transactions worldwide. The Terrorist Finance Tracking Program is viewed as a tool in the ""Global War on Terrorism"". It is said to allow additional scrutiny that could prove instrumental in tracking transactions between terrorist cells. Concerns have been raised that this classified program might be a violation of US and European financial privacy laws, because individual search warrants to access financial data were not obtained in advance.

In February 2010, on the basis of these privacy concerns, the European Parliament rejected the conclusion of an agreement allowing US authorities access to European financial transactions data. In May 2010, the Commission started negotiating a new agreement, with the aim of ensuring better data protection safeguards.

The EDPS adopted an opinion on the European Commission's draft agreement in June 2010 in which he called for further data protection improvements. In July 2010, the European Parliament gave its approval to the conclusion of a revised agreement.

Source: European Data Protection Supervisor

Terrorist financing

The provision or collection of funds, by any means, directly or indirectly, with the intention that they should be used or in the knowledge that they are to be used, in full or in part, to carry out any of the offences defined in Framework Decision 2002/475/JHA.

Source: Directive 2005/60/EC

Terrorist propaganda

Propagation of a particular extremist worldview that brings individuals to consider and justify violence.

Source: Council of the European Union

Terrorist radicalisation

The phenomenon of people embracing opinions, views and ideas that could lead to acts of terrorism.

In practice, the study of violent radicalisation requires analysis not only of individuals but also of groups and broader movements. Likewise, an under researched and diverse range of processes influence highly complex dynamics of violent radicalisation. Factors include structural considerations, such as the rule of law, disruptive social change or economic disenfranchisement, cultural contexts, including cultural institutions, historical antecedents, as well as faith and ideological beliefs. In addition, contemporary political factors and rational actor agency (individual or group) are also central components to any analysis and highlight the role of strategic choices adopted by groups or individuals in pursuit of given aims and objectives. The role of psychological factors is also of relevance when considering adoption of violent radical standpoints and actions.

Source: European Network of Experts on Radicalisation

Third party confiscation

The confiscation of assets that have been transferred by an investigated or convicted person to third parties.

Source: Communication COM(2010) 673 final

Trafficking in human beings

The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or reception of persons, including the exchange or transfer of control over those persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.

A position of vulnerability means a situation in which the person concerned has no real or acceptable alternative but to submit to the abuse involved.

Exploitation shall include, as a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, including begging, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the exploitation of criminal activities, or the removal of organs.

Source: Directive 2011/36/EU

Trainee

Workers whose presence in the territory of an EU State is strictly limited in duration and closely connected with increasing their skills and qualifications in their chosen profession before returning to their own countries to pursue their careers.

Source: Council Resolution of 20 June 1994

Travel document

A passport or other equivalent document entitling the holder to cross the external borders and to which a visa may be affixed. EU citizens can also use ID cards as a travel document to enter into or exit from another EU State.

Source: Regulation (EC) No 767/2008

Tripoli conclusions

At the Tripoli EU-Africa Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development in November 2006, Africa and the EU adopted for the first time a joint strategy, in the form of the Tripoli Declaration, to respond to the challenges and maximise the benefits of international migration.

Source: European External Action Service

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