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Comprises three main tasks:

  • supervision and responsibility for increasing the performance of others,
  • allocating labour, material and capital to produce a high return,
  • decision making.

Source: International Labour Organization

Man-made crisis

Results of human activity, such as chemical spills, industrial accidents, marine pollution, war and terrorist attacks.

Source: DG Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection

Mass influx of displaced persons

Arrival in the EU of a large number of displaced persons, who come from a specific country or geographical area, whether their arrival in the EU was spontaneous or aided, for example through an evacuation programme. Displaced persons are non-EU nationals or stateless persons who have had to leave their country or region of origin, or have been evacuated, in particular in response to an appeal by international organisations, and who are unable to return in safe and durable conditions because of the situation prevailing in that country.

Source: Council Directive 2001/55/EC

Material reception conditions

Reception conditions that include housing, food and clothing, provided in kind or as financial allowances or in vouchers, and a daily expenses allowance.

Source: Council Directive 2003/9/EC


A broader-term of an immigrant and emigrant, referring to a person who leaves one country or region to settle in another, often in search of a better life.

Source: European Migration Network

Migrant worker

A person who is to be engaged, is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a State of which he or she is not a national.

Source: International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families


The movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border (international migration), or within a State (internal migration). It is a population movement, encompassing any kind of movement of people, whatever its length, composition and causes; it includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, economic migrants and persons moving for other purposes, including family reunification.

In the EU context, a broader-term of an immigration and emigration, i.e. the action by which a person either:

  • establishes his or her usual residence in the territory of an EU State for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at least twelve months, having previously been usually resident in another EU State or a non-EU country,
  • having previously been usually resident in the territory of an EU State, ceases to have his or her usual residence in that EU State for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at least twelve months."

Source: International Organization for Migration , European Migration Network

Migration flow

The number of migrants crossing a boundary, within a specific time period, for the purpose of establishing residence.

Source: European Migration Network

Migration profile

A tool to bring together and analyse all the relevant information needed to develop policy in the field of migration and development and to monitor the impact of policies implemented.

Source: Communication COM(2007) 247 final


A person who, according to the law of his/her respective country, is under the age of majority, i.e. is not yet entitled to exercise specific civil and political rights.

Source: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Mobility partnership

Provide the overall framework for managing various forms of legal movement between the EU and non-EU countries. Such partnerships are agreed with those non-EU countries committed to fighting illegal immigration and that have effective mechanisms for readmission.

Source: Communication COM(2007) 247 final

Money laundering

The attempt to conceal or disguise the ownership or source of the proceeds of criminal activity and to integrate them into the legitimate financial systems in such a way that they cannot be distinguished from assets acquired by legitimate means. Typically this involves the conversion of cash-based proceeds into account-based forms of money.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Multi-seasonal permit

Provides non-EU national seasonal workers access to seasonal employment for several consecutive years.

Source: Proposal COM(2010) 379 final

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