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Glossary

Identification

The process of determining a person's identity through a database search against multiple sets of data (one-to-many check).

Source: Regulation (EC) No 767/2008

Immigrant

A person undertaking an immigration.

Source: Council Regulation (EC) No 862/2007

Immigration

The action by which a person establishes his or her usual residence in the territory of an EU State for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at least 12 months, having previously been usually resident in another EU State or a non-EU country.

Source: Council Regulation (EC) No 862/2007

Immigration Liaison Officer (ILO)

A representative of one of the EU States posted abroad by the immigration service or other competent authority in order to establish and maintain contacts with the authorities of the host country with a view to contributing to the prevention and combating of irregular immigration, the return of irregular migrants and the management of legal migration.

Source: Council Regulation (EC) 377/2004

Individual Risk Assessment

In the context of trafficking in human beings, examination of the victim's safety needs, with due regard for the best interest of the child, in order to protect that person from retaliation, intimidation and the risk of being re-trafficked, inter alia, by having access to witness protection programmes or other similar measures.

Source: Directive 2011/36/EU

Information Exchange Model

Aims to include all the different EU databases relevant for ensuring security in the EU so that there can be interaction between them, as far as it is needed and permitted, for the purpose of providing effective information exchange across the whole of the EU and maximising the opportunities presented by biometric and other technologies for improving citizens' security within a clear framework that also protects their privacy.

Source: EU Internal Security Strategy

Integration

A dynamic, two-way process of mutual accommodation by migrants and by the societies that receive them.

Source: Communication COM(2011) 455 final

Intellectual property (IP)

Refers to intangible assets resulting from the creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce.

Intellectual property can be protected by formal or informal methods. Formal protection consists of granting to the owners exclusive intellectual property rights (IPR) under intellectual property law. Informal protection consists of methods like secrecy, confidentiality, defensive publishing, fast innovation cycle, etc.

Intellectual property rights are divided into two categories: industrial property, which includes inventions, trademarks, industrial design and geographical indications of source, and copyright, which includes literary and artistic works, such as novels, films, musical works, paintings, photographs and architectural designs.

The majority of intellectual property rights provide creators of original works economic incentive to develop and share ideas through a form of temporary monopoly.

Source: DG Enterprise and Industry

Intellectual property rights (IPR)

Refers to the general term for the assignment of property rights through patents, copyrights and trademarks. These property rights allow the holder to exercise a monopoly on the use of the item for a specified period.

By restricting imitation and duplication, monopoly power is conferred, but the social costs of monopoly power may be offset by the social benefits of higher levels of creative activity encouraged by the monopoly earnings.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Interconnection payment

Charged by network operators on other service providers to recover the costs of the interconnection facilities (including the hardware and software for routing, signalling and other basic service functions) provided by the network operators.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Internal EU border

  • the common land borders, including river and lake borders, of EU States,
  • the airports of EU States for internal flights,
  • sea, river and lake ports of EU States for regular ferry connections.

Source: Council Regulation (EC) No 562/2006

Internal Security Fund

A financial instrument for the period 2014 to 2020, which supports national and EU initiatives that contribute to ensuring a high level of security in the Union while facilitating legitimate travel. 

Source: DG Home Affairs

International protection

The actions by the international community on the basis of international law, aimed at protecting the fundamental rights of a specific category of persons outside their countries of origin, who lack the national protection of their own countries.

According to Directive 2004/83/EC, "international protection" means the recognition by an EU State of a non-EU national or a stateless person as a refugee or as a person eligible for subsidiary protection.

Source: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Council Directive 2004/83/EC

Internal Security Strategy

Lays out a European security model that integrates, among others, action on law enforcement and judicial cooperation, border management and civil protection, with due respect for shared European values, such as fundamental rights. Its main objectives are to:

  • present to the public the existing EU instruments that already help to guarantee the security and freedom of EU citizens and the added value that EU action provides in this area,
  • further develop common tools and policies using a more integrated approach that addresses the causes of insecurity and not just the effects,
  • strengthen law enforcement and judicial cooperation, border management, civil protection and disaster management.

Source: Council of the European Union

Intra-corporate transferee

Any non-EU national subject to the temporary secondment from an undertaking established outside the territory of an EU State and to which the non-EU national is bound by a work contract, to an entity belonging to the undertaking or to the same group of undertakings which is established inside this territory.

Source: Proposal COM(2010) 378 final

Irregular employment

Gainful occupation carried out in violation of provisions set by legislation.

Source: International Labour Organization

Irregular entry

Crossing borders without complying with the necessary requirements for legal entry into the receiving State.

The entry of a non-EU national into a Schengen State without complying with the requirements laid down in the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation 562/2006).

Source: Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime , Regulation (EC) No 562/2006

Irregular immigration

The immigration of a person to a new place of residence using irregular or illegal means, without valid documents or carrying false documents.

Source: International Labour Organization

Irregular migrant

People who enter a country, usually in search of employment, without the necessary documents and permits.

According to Directive 2008/115/EC, an "irregular migrant" is a non-EU national present on the territory of a Schengen State who does not fulfil, or no longer fulfils, the conditions of entry as set out in the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation 562/2006), or other conditions for entry, stay or residence in an EU State.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation , Directive 2008/115/EC

Irregular migration

The movement of a person to a new place of residence or transit using irregular or illegal means, without valid documents or carrying false documents.

Source: International Labour Organization

Irregular stay

The presence on the territory of a Schengen State of a non-EU national who does not fulfil, or no longer fulfils, the conditions of entry as set out in the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation 562/2006), or other conditions for entry, stay or residence in an EU State.

Source: Directive 2008/115/EC

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