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Glossary

Family member

Persons married to migrant workers or having with them a relationship that, according to applicable law, produces effects equivalent to marriage, as well as their dependent children and other dependent persons who are recognised as members of the family by applicable legislation or applicable bilateral or multilateral agreements between the States concerned.

According to Directive 2003/86/EC, "family members" include:

  • the sponsor's spouse,
  • the minor children of the sponsor and of his/her spouse, including children adopted in accordance with a decision taken by the competent authority in the EU State concerned or a decision that is automatically enforceable due to international obligations of that EU State or must be recognised in accordance with international obligations,
  • the minor children including adopted children of the sponsor where the sponsor has custody and the children are dependent on him or her. EU States may authorise the reunification of children of whom custody is shared, provided the other party sharing custody has given his or her agreement,
  • the minor children including adopted children of the spouse where the spouse has custody and the children are dependent on him or her.

EU States may authorise the reunification of children of whom custody is shared, provided the other party sharing custody has given his or her agreement.

("Sponsor" means a non-EU national residing lawfully in an EU State and applying or whose family members apply for family reunification to be joined with him/her.)

Source: International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families , Council Directive 2003/86/EC

Family reunification

The entry into and residence in an EU State by family members of a non-EU national residing lawfully in that EU State ("sponsor") in order to preserve the family unit, whether the family relationship arose before or after the resident's entry.

Source: Council Directive 2003/86/EC

Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU)

A central, national agency responsible for receiving (and, as permitted, requesting), analysing and disseminating to the competent authorities disclosures of financial information:

  • concerning suspected proceeds of crime and potential financing of terrorism,
  • required by national legislation or regulation in order to counter money laundering and terrorism financing.

Source: Egmont Group

Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) Platform

An informal group set up in 2006 by the European Commission. It gathers Financial Intelligence Units from EU States (other EEA States have observer status). Its main purpose is to facilitate cooperation among the FIUs. The European Commission participates in the Platform and provides support. The meetings of the EU-FIU platform are co-chaired by DG Home Affairs and DG Internal Market and Services.

Source: DG Internal Market and Services

Firearm

Any portable barrelled weapon that expels, is designed to expel or may be readily converted to expel a shot, bullet or projectile by the action of an explosive.

Source: Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.

Forced return

The compulsory return of an individual to the country of origin, transit or third country, on the basis of an administrative or judicial act.

Source: International Organization for Migration

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