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Basic act

Act of secondary law (regulation, directive or decision) laying down the objectives and conditions for budget implementation.

Source: DG Budget


A measurable unique, physical characteristic or personal behavioural trait used to recognize the identity, or verify the claimed identity, of a person.

Source: International Civil Aviation Organization


A line separating land territory or maritime zones of two States or subparts of States. It can also refer to a region that is found at the margin of settled and developed territory.

Source: International Organization for Migration

Border checks

Checks carried out at border crossing points to ensure that persons, including their means of transport and the objects in their possession, may be authorised to enter the territory of the Schengen States or authorised to leave it.

Source: Council Regulation (EC) No 562/2006

Border control

The activity carried out at a border, in accordance with and for the purposes of Regulation 562/2006, exclusively in response to an intention to cross or the act of crossing that border, regardless of any other consideration, consisting of border checks and border surveillance.

Source: Council Regulation (EC) No 562/2006

Border crossing

The physical act of crossing a border either at a border crossing point or another point along the border.

Source: European Migration Network

Border crossing point

Any crossing point authorised by the competent authorities for crossing external borders.

Source: Council Regulation (EC) No 562/2006

Border resident

Non-EU national who has been lawfully resident in the border area of a country neighbouring a Schengen State for a period specified in a bilateral Agreement between a Schengen State(s) and a neighbouring non-EU country, which shall be at least one year.

Source: Council Regulation (EC) No 1931/2006

Border surveillance

The surveillance of borders between border crossing points and the surveillance of border crossing points outside the fixed opening hours, in order to prevent persons from circumventing border checks.

Source: Council Regulation (EC) No 562/2006


A network of computers that have been infected by malicious software (computer virus). Such a network of compromised computers ("zombies") may be activated to perform specific actions, such as attacking information systems (cyber attacks).

Source: Proposal COM(2010) 517 final

Brain drain

The loss suffered by a country as a result of the emigration of (highly) qualified persons.

Source: International Labour Organization

Brain waste

The non-recognition of the skills and qualifications acquired by migrants outside of the EU, which prevents them from fully using their potential.

Source: Communication COM(2005) 390 final

Budapest process

A consultative forum of more than fifty Governments from the wider European region and ten international organisations, which aims to promote good governance in the field of migration, a harmonised approach in dealing with irregular migration challenges and support for the transfer and common understanding of migration concepts and policies.

Source: European Migration Network

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