vaccine to Turkey to help combat foot-and-mouth
The Commission decided on 4 August
2000 to provide a trivalent vaccine formulated from
antigen stocks kept at the EU antigen bank to Turkey to
help combat an exotic strain (ASIA 1) of foot-and-mouth
disease in ruminants in the Thrace region of this
country and thereby to protect the Community livestock.
The Decision follows a request for assistance by the
Turkish authorities. The Commission has arranged for
replacement of the used antigen stocks without delay.
The EU has important reserves of the virus antigen,
which is the basis for the production of the vaccine.
The first lot of trivalent vaccine against the ASIA 1
virus of the foot-and-mouth disease is due to arrive in
The EU and the countries of the Balkan
follow a non-vaccination policy against foot-and-mouth
disease. Vaccines are only used in emergency situations.
The EU maintains a bank with about 30 million vaccine
equivalent doses of different antigens of the
foot-and-mouth disease virus. These antigens are stored at
different places in France, Italy and the UK.
A European company converted the 1.5
million doses of three different antigens into a trivalent
vaccine. 1.3 million doses of this vaccine will be sent to
Turkey in two deliveries scheduled for the 5 and 12 of
September 2000. The remaining 200.000 doses will be kept in
reserve for emergency vaccination in other areas of the
Balkan should the disease spread.
Foot-and-mouth disease is a highly
contagious viral disease of ruminants and swine, known to
cause significant economic losses to livestock farmers. In
general, an outbreak of the disease immediately leads to
restrictions on international trade in livestock and in
products such as fresh meat, milk and certain milk products
originating from the country affected. The disease in
animals does not pose any danger to human health. Member
States representatives in the Standing Veterinary Committee
have agreed to the Commission proposal to supply the
vaccines to Turkey on July 19th .
Released on 6/9/2000
FOOD SAFETY |
DIRECTORATE GENERAL "HEALTH
& CONSUMER PROTECTION"