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Health and Consumer Protection

Press releases

Brussels, 14 June 2001

Classical Swine Fever 1 in Spain - Commission adopts export restrictions

The European Commission has taken a decision to restrict exports of live pigs and porcine semen, ova and embryos from Catalonia (Spain), in response to an outbreak of classical swine fever (CSF). CSF is a highly infectious viral disease of swine but poses no risk to humans. Similar restrictions have been adopted in the past in relation to outbreaks in several other Member States. The Commission decision will apply from today till 30 June. A special meeting of the Standing Veterinary Committee will review the situation next Friday, 22 June.

The Commission services were notified today of an outbreak of classical swine fever in a holding in the province of Lerida in Catalonia. No pigs have according to the available information left the holding except for slaughter since 14 May 2001. Spanish authorities have taken measures provided for in Council Directive 80/217/EEC of 2.1.1980 introducing Community measures for the control of Classical Swine Fever. The measures include the establishment of a 3 km protection zone and 10 km surveillance zone around the infected premise, a census of all holdings in both zones, as well as tracing the movements of live animals and vehicles on and off the premises in the previous two weeks.

The Commission services are in close and permanent contact with the Spanish authorities and have been kept fully informed of developments. The Standing Veterinary Committee will review all available information on the recent outbreak of CSF at the meeting scheduled for 22 June when there should be a clearer picture of the scope of the outbreak and the effectiveness of the control measures adopted by the Spanish authorities.

Released on 15/06/2001

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1 Classical Swine Fever is a highly contagious viral disease of swine which can spread via trade in live pigs, fresh pig meat and certain meat-based products. Pigs can become infected by ingestion, inhalation, genital (semen) infection or by contamination of abrasions. Most spread of CSF is by contact with infected pigs. It can also be transmitted indirectly by fomites such as contaminated manure, farm equipment, trucks , boots and clothing.

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